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Services & Costs

Please Note:

There are no guarantees that transgenic or chimeric mice will be produced via this injection service. Every effort will be made to produce positive mice for your project, and in the vast majority of cases, positive animals are generated.

If difficulties are encountered before or during the injection series, the director will call a meeting to discuss options with the PI and other relevant personnel.

Please follow our protocols for DNA preparation and optimize your screening assays as these will play a critical role in the success of your project.

Please be aware that use of inbred strains may necessitate further injections at further cost in order to obtain adequate numbers of positive animals. Repeat of injections adds to the time the project takes as well.

Payment is expected for services rendered regardless of the level of success of the project.

We recommend that investigators consider using B6 hybrids such as B6C3 for pronuclear injections as they are more efficient in generating transgenic founders. We mate hybrid females to C57BL/6NCr males, so the founders' background strain is >50% B6 at the outset.

Outside institutions are assessed a surcharge to these prices as follows:

  • 25% Academic and Non-Profit Institutions
  • 50% Commercial Entities

We are currently unable to do cryopreservations for outside institutions.

Pronuclear Microinjection of DNA Constructs

(Injection into the pronucleus to create transgenic founder mice)

The number of eggs injected includes ~50 used for an initial test of DNA quality. Re-injection of 100 eggs will be done at no additional charge under certain conditions; a new DNA prep will be required.

If embryonic lethality is suspected, the experiment may be terminated before the guaranteed number of pups is generated; half the cost of the injection service will be assessed.

Other strains can be used for microinjection under the following conditions. The investigator will pay for the purchase and housing of 10 stud male and 10 donor female mice. The facility will attempt one day of microinjection at a charge of $900. The injections will continue only if 100 injectable eggs are obtained.

Total charges will not exceed the normal charge plus costs associated with purchase and housing of animals.

Type  Strain   Cost   Parameters  Goals* 
Standard 

B6 hybrid strain**
 

FVB strain***
 

C57BL/6 strain****

$1980
 

$2400
 

$2640

150 eggs injected 1-2 founders or 20 live pups
Daily   any strain above $1100 50-100 eggs injected 50-100 eggs injected

Injection of Lentiviral Constructs

Type  Strain   Cost  Parameters  Goals* 
Standard   any strain above $1100 100 eggs injected 3 founders or 25 pups

*There are no guarantees that transgenic or chimeric mice will be produced via this injection service. Every effort will be made to produce positive mice for your project, and in the vast majority of cases, positive animals are generated.  

**B6D2 is being evaluated as a new hybrid strain, replacing B6C3. B6D2 females are mated to C57BL/6NCr males.  

***FVBs from Harlan are currently being used successfully.  

****Use of C57BL/6NCr sometimes requires a 2nd injection series, total cost for two series $4800 

Other strains available at additional cost. Please inquire. 

Availability and charges for this strain or others are subject to change.

Blastocyst Microinjection of Embryonic Stem Cell Clones

(Generation of knockout or other chimeras)

Re-injection of 30 blasts will be done at no additional charge under certain conditions. Number of clones injected depends on level of service requested. If embryonic lethality is suspected, the experiment may be terminated before the guaranteed number of pups is generated; half the cost of the injection service will be assessed.

Other strains can be used for microinjection under the following conditions. The investigator will pay for the purchase and housing of 10 stud male and 10 donor female mice. The facility will attempt one day of microinjection at a charge of $900. The injections will continue only if 40 injectable blastocysts are obtained. Total charges will not exceed the normal charge plus costs associated with purchase and housing of animals.

Strain   Cost  Parameters  Goals* 
C57BL/6NCr strain
(used for agouti or white ES cell lines)
$1980 ≥ 50 blastocysts injected
 
1-2 chimeras or 20 pups
C57Bl/6cBrd/cBrdNCr
(albino B6 strain, used for agouti or black ES cell lines)
$2200    

Electroporation of Embryonic Stem Cells

Embryonic stem cells currently must be purchased or obtained in a collaborative agreement by the laboratory. Three commercial vendors are linked off this site under "ES cell vendors." The facility requests as much information as possible on the growing conditions for the cells be provided. The electroporation request form has the details for DNA preparation and amount required. The facility will electroporate the ES cells with the DNA provided; will plate the cells, add selection (positive or positive/negative; we use G418 for neomycin selection, and gancyclovir for negative selection), and pick 150-300 clones. These clones will be replica-plated in 96 well plates; two copies will be frozen, and one will be grown off feeders to provide cells for DNA analysis. Expansion to 24 well plates is provided at an extra charge. The laboratory will identify positive clones, within 1 month. Plates are stored at -80, and delay in identifying clones may result in loss of viability of ES cell clones. The facility will expand up to 5 positive clones; freezing back 3 vials of cells per clone in liquid N2. More clones can be expanded and frozen at an extra charge. The frozen vials will be turned over to the laboratory for storage, unless they are scheduled for microinjection.

Type  Cost  Parameters 
Standard  $2000 192 clones picked and frozen, cells for DNA, expansion of 1-5 clones
Premium   $3000 288 clones picked and frozen, cells for DNA, expansion of 1-5 clones
Repeat EP  $1000 96 clones picked and frozen, cells for DNA
DNA exraction   $250 per 96 well plate
Cells for DNA, expanded to 24 wells   $350 per 96 well plate
Expansion of >5 clones  $50 per clone

Cryopreservation of Mouse Embryos & Sperm

Cryopreservation is done to preserve an unused line for future use, or to protect against loss of a line. Slow freezing of 2-cell to 8-cell embryos is the preferred procedure. There is also the option of vitrification of 8-cell to morula stage embryos, and cryopreservation of sperm.

The laboratory will provide 5-10 adult male mice, 2-4 months of age. A week prior to transfer to the Transgenic Core, the males will be provided with females, which will be removed prior to transfer. The facility will purchase 5-10 young females of the same or a closely related strain, to be superovulated and mated with the males. Embryos will be harvested and frozen. In general 200 embryos obtained from mating a homozygous male, and 400 embryos from a heterozygous male is sufficient to assure recovery of the line from cryopreservation. If using heterozygous males, the laboratory will be responsible for testing the genotype of the pups resulting from the test thaw.

Total costs may vary if the line proves difficult to freeze, if the investigator desires more than the normal number of embryos frozen, or if the background strain chosen is more expensive to purchase or difficult to superovulate.

The Transgenic Facility is certified to perform sperm freezing in collaboration with the Jackson Lab, which will perform IVF quality control tests and store the sperm samples off-site. Sperm freezing can also be done in-house. It is not guaranteed unless IVF QC and production of live pups is performed and is successful. The sperm is stored in one location on site.

Type  Cost  
Embryo Cryo, Set-up + 1 round $600
Embryo Cryo, per additional round $360

Depending on embyro yield, 3-4 rounds may be required, with total cost $1320-$1680.

Thaw of embryos, per round $265
Sperm Cryo*   $150
Sperm QC (culture to 2-cell) $265
Sperm QC (culture plus transfer) $600
Storage (per line, per year)**   $60
IVF, with transfer $790
Import of embryos, per round $265
Re-derivation, per round***   $660

*Sperm cryopreservation in the Transgenic Core is under development, and is still considered an unproven means of preservation. It is strongly suggested that quality control of frozen sperm be done.  

**Re-derivation projects are done in collaboration and with permission of Veterinary Resources.  

PCR Analysis/Genotyping

Cost  Parameters 
$90 1-10 samples
$90 each additional 1-10 samples

Tail DNA Extraction & Analysis of Potential Transgenic Pups

The facility provides tail snips of potential transgenic pups at 7-10 days of age as part of the micro-injection project. A typical injection project would involve analysis of 20-30 pups.

We will, upon request, isolate DNA from those tail snips, or tail snips provided by laboratory personnel, and provide 500 ul of clean DNA suitable for PCR or Southern analysis. Although we do not routinely quantify DNA isolated by our procedures, 2-10 ul has proven suitable for PCR analysis. The PCR analysis done by the facility is performed one time, with the lab providing primer sequences and parameters for analysis previously worked out by the lab.

Cost  Parameters 
$35 up to 10 tails, 500 ul of purified DNA produced
$35 each additional 1-10 tails
Plus PCR Analysis 
$125 1-10 samples
$125 each additional 1-10 samples