Services & Costs
There are no guarantees that transgenic or chimeric mice will be produced via this injection service. Every effort will be made to produce positive mice for your project, and in the vast majority of cases, positive animals are generated.
If difficulties are encountered before or during the injection series, the director will call a meeting to discuss options with the PI and other relevant personnel.
Please follow our protocols for DNA preparation and optimize your screening assays as these will play a critical role in the success of your project.
Please be aware that use of inbred strains may necessitate further injections at further cost in order to obtain adequate numbers of positive animals. Repeat of injections adds to the time the project takes as well.
Payment is expected for services rendered regardless of the level of success of the project.
We recommend that investigators consider using B6 hybrids such as B6C3 for pronuclear injections as they are more efficient in generating transgenic founders. We mate hybrid females to C57BL/6NCr males, so the founders' background strain is >50% B6 at the outset.
Outside institutions are assessed a surcharge to these prices as follows:
- 25% Academic and Non-Profit Institutions
- 50% Commercial Entities
We are currently unable to do cryopreservations for outside institutions.
(Injection into the pronucleus to create transgenic founder mice)
The number of eggs injected includes ~50 used for an initial test of DNA quality. Re-injection of 100 eggs will be done at no additional charge under certain conditions; a new DNA prep will be required.
If embryonic lethality is suspected, the experiment may be terminated before the guaranteed number of pups is generated; half the cost of the injection service will be assessed.
Other strains can be used for microinjection under the following conditions. The investigator will pay for the purchase and housing of 10 stud male and 10 donor female mice. The facility will attempt one day of microinjection at a charge of $900. The injections will continue only if 100 injectable eggs are obtained.
Total charges will not exceed the normal charge plus costs associated with purchase and housing of animals.
B6 hybrid strain**
|150 eggs injected||1-2 founders or 20 live pups|
|Daily||any strain above||$1100||50-100 eggs injected||50-100 eggs injected|
|Standard||any strain above||$1100||100 eggs injected||3 founders or 25 pups|
*There are no guarantees that transgenic or chimeric mice will be produced via this injection service. Every effort will be made to produce positive mice for your project, and in the vast majority of cases, positive animals are generated.
**B6D2 is being evaluated as a new hybrid strain, replacing B6C3. B6D2 females are mated to C57BL/6NCr males.
***FVBs from Harlan are currently being used successfully.
****Use of C57BL/6NCr sometimes requires a 2nd injection series, total cost for two series $4800
Other strains available at additional cost. Please inquire.
Availability and charges for this strain or others are subject to change.
(Generation of knockout or other chimeras)
Re-injection of 30 blasts will be done at no additional charge under certain conditions. Number of clones injected depends on level of service requested. If embryonic lethality is suspected, the experiment may be terminated before the guaranteed number of pups is generated; half the cost of the injection service will be assessed.
Other strains can be used for microinjection under the following conditions. The investigator will pay for the purchase and housing of 10 stud male and 10 donor female mice. The facility will attempt one day of microinjection at a charge of $900. The injections will continue only if 40 injectable blastocysts are obtained. Total charges will not exceed the normal charge plus costs associated with purchase and housing of animals.
(used for agouti or white ES cell lines)
|$1980||≥ 50 blastocysts injected
||1-2 chimeras or 20 pups|
(albino B6 strain, used for agouti or black ES cell lines)
Embryonic stem cells currently must be purchased or obtained in a collaborative agreement by the laboratory. Three commercial vendors are linked off this site under "ES cell vendors." The facility requests as much information as possible on the growing conditions for the cells be provided. The electroporation request form has the details for DNA preparation and amount required. The facility will electroporate the ES cells with the DNA provided; will plate the cells, add selection (positive or positive/negative; we use G418 for neomycin selection, and gancyclovir for negative selection), and pick 150-300 clones. These clones will be replica-plated in 96 well plates; two copies will be frozen, and one will be grown off feeders to provide cells for DNA analysis. Expansion to 24 well plates is provided at an extra charge. The laboratory will identify positive clones, within 1 month. Plates are stored at -80, and delay in identifying clones may result in loss of viability of ES cell clones. The facility will expand up to 5 positive clones; freezing back 3 vials of cells per clone in liquid N2. More clones can be expanded and frozen at an extra charge. The frozen vials will be turned over to the laboratory for storage, unless they are scheduled for microinjection.
|Standard||$2000||192 clones picked and frozen, cells for DNA, expansion of 1-5 clones|
|Premium||$3000||288 clones picked and frozen, cells for DNA, expansion of 1-5 clones|
|Repeat EP||$1000||96 clones picked and frozen, cells for DNA|
|DNA exraction||$250||per 96 well plate|
|Cells for DNA, expanded to 24 wells||$350||per 96 well plate|
|Expansion of >5 clones||$50||per clone|
Cryopreservation of Mouse Embryos & Sperm
Cryopreservation is done to preserve an unused line for future use, or to protect against loss of a line. Slow freezing of 2-cell to 8-cell embryos is the preferred procedure. There is also the option of vitrification of 8-cell to morula stage embryos, and cryopreservation of sperm.
The laboratory will provide 5-10 adult male mice, 2-4 months of age. A week prior to transfer to the Transgenic Core, the males will be provided with females, which will be removed prior to transfer. The facility will purchase 5-10 young females of the same or a closely related strain, to be superovulated and mated with the males. Embryos will be harvested and frozen. In general 200 embryos obtained from mating a homozygous male, and 400 embryos from a heterozygous male is sufficient to assure recovery of the line from cryopreservation. If using heterozygous males, the laboratory will be responsible for testing the genotype of the pups resulting from the test thaw.
Total costs may vary if the line proves difficult to freeze, if the investigator desires more than the normal number of embryos frozen, or if the background strain chosen is more expensive to purchase or difficult to superovulate.
The Transgenic Facility is certified to perform sperm freezing in collaboration with the Jackson Lab, which will perform IVF quality control tests and store the sperm samples off-site. Sperm freezing can also be done in-house. It is not guaranteed unless IVF QC and production of live pups is performed and is successful. The sperm is stored in one location on site.
|Embryo Cryo, Set-up + 1 round||$600|
|Embryo Cryo, per additional round||$360|
Depending on embyro yield, 3-4 rounds may be required, with total cost $1320-$1680.
|Thaw of embryos, per round||$265|
|Sperm QC (culture to 2-cell)||$265|
|Sperm QC (culture plus transfer)||$600|
|Storage (per line, per year)**||$60|
|IVF, with transfer||$790|
|Import of embryos, per round||$265|
|Re-derivation, per round***||$660|
*Sperm cryopreservation in the Transgenic Core is under development, and is still considered an unproven means of preservation. It is strongly suggested that quality control of frozen sperm be done.
**Re-derivation projects are done in collaboration and with permission of Veterinary Resources.
|$90||each additional 1-10 samples|
The facility provides tail snips of potential transgenic pups at 7-10 days of age as part of the micro-injection project. A typical injection project would involve analysis of 20-30 pups.
We will, upon request, isolate DNA from those tail snips, or tail snips provided by laboratory personnel, and provide 500 ul of clean DNA suitable for PCR or Southern analysis. Although we do not routinely quantify DNA isolated by our procedures, 2-10 ul has proven suitable for PCR analysis. The PCR analysis done by the facility is performed one time, with the lab providing primer sequences and parameters for analysis previously worked out by the lab.
|$35||up to 10 tails, 500 ul of purified DNA produced|
|$35||each additional 1-10 tails|
|Plus PCR Analysis|
|$125||each additional 1-10 samples|