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Scholars - Raafat Afifi, MD

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Raafat Afifi

Professor of General Surgery
Faculty of Medicine
Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
 

Workshops:

  • Biomedical Research Ethics The Institute of Hearing and Speech Dec 27, 2005

  • Many guest lectures related to such an issue, in Chescepi research centre, Maryland USA., At the Egyptian Medical syndicate, Menofia branch, And at the 24th annual meeting of the Egyptian Society of surgeons.

  • Attended The 7th. Global Forum of research ethics, Aghakhan University, Karachi, Pakistan, 17 – 20 February, 2006

  • Biomedical research ethics: Islamic view – Part I. International Journal of Surgery (editorial). In the press.

  • Biomedical research ethics: Islamic view – Part II. International Journal of Surgery (editorial). In the press.

Member:

  • Egyptian Medical Syndicate (1985).

  • Kasr El-Aini friends Society (1985).

  • Egyptian Society of Surgeons (1987).

  • Egyptian American Society of Medicine (1993) - Elected council member.

  • Arab Society of Chemotherapy, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (1995).

  • Egyptian Society of Cancer (1995).

  • American Society of Clinical Oncology (2000), (ID 32597).

  • The American Society of Breast diseases (2000).

  • The American Society of Breast Surgeons (2000).

  • The Egyptian Society of Surgical Oncology (2000).

  • Listed in Who’s Who encyclopedia by the American biography institute (2002).

  • Member of the International Society of Breast Health.

  • Member of the International Sinology Society - S.I.S – scientific centre (2003).

  • Member of the research ethics committee of the Egyptian Medical Syndicate (2004).

  • Member of the Board of Directors of SIS (2005).

  • Member of the Research Ethics Committee of Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University (2005).

  • Member of the editorial board of the International Journal of Surgery (2005).

  • Assistant editor International Journal of Surgery (2006).

Research Studies:

  1. Master thesis: Benign breast diseases, a clinicopathological prospective and retrospective study (1985 - 1986).

  2. M.D. thesis: The diagnostic potentiality of giant cell formation in malignant breast lesions (1987 - 1992).

  3. Kahl, L.P.; Carroll, A.R.; Read, N.C.; Rhodes, P.; Afifi, R.Y. and Baum, M. (1990): Is there a retrovirus associated with human breast cancer: An analysis of Multinucleate giant cell formation and a search for reverse transcriptase activity in human peripheral blood mononuclear leucocytes. Nottingham international breast cancer meeting, September 26 - 28, 1990. British Journal of Cancer, 62 (supplement XII): 23(P8).

  4. Raafat Y. Afifi; M. Baum and A.F. Masoud (1991): In vitro mononuclear giant cell formation (MNGC) in breast diseases. The twenty seventh annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology; Houston, TX. (May 19 - 21, 1991).

  5. Raafat Afifi; Pat Graham; Jane Codd; Steve Humphreys and Michael Baum (1993): Evaluation of oestrogen receptor immunohistochemical techniques in paraffin embedded tissue. Abstract presented to the 11th Annual meeting of the Egyptian Society of Surgeons, February 10 - 12, 1993.

  6. Raafat Afifi; Abdelrazek Masoud; Michael Baum and David Kiang (1993): New concept: the role of blood monocytes in breast cancer dissemination. Abstract presented to the 11th Annual meeting of the Egyptian Society of Surgeons, February 10 - 12, 1993.

  7. Raafat Afifi (1993): Acute necrotizing fasciitis. Paper presented to the fourth conference of Pan Arab Association of Surgeons. Cairo, Egypt, Nov. 30 - Dec. 3, 1993.

  8. Nabil A. Meguid and Raafat Afifi (1994): Vertical deceleration Trauma: Surgical Experience of Trauma and Emergency Unit, Kasr El-Aini. Paper presented to the 12th. annual meeting of Egyptian Society of Surgeons. Feb. 8 - 10, 1994.

  9. Raafat Afifi (1994): Blunt Abdominal trauma: Key points to explore or to conserve. Paper presented to the 12th. annual meeting of Egyptian Society of Surgeons. Feb. 8 - 10, 1994.

  10. N. El Shall and Raafat Afifi (1994): Radiological assessment of trauma: Present status. Paper presented to the 12th. annual meeting of Egyptian Society of Surgeons. Feb. 8 - 10, 1994.

  11. Raafat Afifi; Ali El Hindawi and Moamena Kamel (1995): Hyperacute soft tissue infection (acute necrotizing fasciitis in Egypt). Paper presented to the 7 th. Annual Kasr El-Aini Medical Congress. April 26 - 28, 1995. Cairo - Meridian. Published by the Medical Journal of Kasr El-Aini, 1 (1): 125 - 136, 1995.

  12. Raafat Afifi; Sherif Mokhtar and Alaa Hosni (1995): Systemic sepsis (cost effectiveness of therapy and antibiotic use). Paper presented to the 7 th. Annual Kasr El-Aini Medical Congress. April 26 - 28, 1995. Cairo - Meridian.

  13. Raafat Afifi; Alaa M. Hosni and Sherif Mokhtar (1995): Major Surgical sepsis: the prognostic potentiality of a modified scoring system with emperical antimicrobial therapy. Medical Journal of Kasr El-Aini, 1 (1): 137 - 148.

  14. Raafat Afifi; Ahmad Shokry; Yusri Hosney and Ali Hindawi (1995): A new practical classification of axillary lymph nodes based on an anatomical study. Paper presented to the 6th. Conference for the Pan Arab Association of Surgeons in collaboration with the 3rd. Jordanian German Medical Congress and the 23rd. Conference for the Jordanian Surgical Society. 16 - 18 October, 1995, Amman, Jordan.

  15. Raafat Afifi; Ahmad Shokry; Yusri Hosney and Ali Hindawi (1996): A new practical classification of axillary lymph nodes based on an anatomical study. The Medical Journal of Cairo University, 64 (4): 801 - 808.

  16. Raafat Afifi; Ahmad Shokry and Soliman Saba (1997): A strategy for axillary lymph nodes management in breast cancer patients based on a new practical classification. Proceeding of the International College of Surgeons, XX European Federation Congress, Athens, Greece, 17 - 20 September.

  17. Raafat Afifi; Sanaa El-Tatawy and Magdi Bassiouni (1997): Non penetrating abdominal trauma: Key points to explore or to conserve. The Medical Journal of Cairo University, 65 (4): 779 - 798.

  18. Ahmed Shafik; Yehia Ahmed Ali and R.Afifi (1997): Is the rectum a conduit or storage organ?. International Surgery, 82 (2): 194 - 197.

  19. Raafat Afifi, Soliman Saba, Hazem Moharram and Magid Amer (1997): The role of cytoreductive surgery in the combined management of locally advanced abdomino-pelvic malignancy. The Medical Journal of Cairo University, 65 (4) suppl. II: 327 - 349.

  20. Raafat Afifi, Ashraf Sami, Abdullah El-Tawil, Ali El-Hindawi and Mohammad Kenawi (1997): Sentinel lymph nodes excision versus Axillary dissection in staging of breast carcinoma. Msc Thesis in General Surgery, Cairo University.

  21. Raafat Afifi, Mohammad Kenawi, Sanaa Abdel-Shafy, Soliman Saba, Ahmed Abd-Elsammee and Sherif Mokhtar (1998): The diagnostic and prognostic potential of IL-6 in patients with systemic sepsis. The Medical Journal of Cairo University, 66 (2), suppl.: 191 - 207.

  22. Moustafa Gad and Raafat Afifi (1998): Interventional ultrasound of the breast. The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, XXIX (2), suppl.: 23 - 35.

  23. Raafat Afifi, Mohammad Kenawi, Abdalla El-Tawil, Ali El-Hindawi and Ashraf Sami Abdo (1999): Utility of Scintigraphy of suspicious breast lumps and the value of Scintigraphy in detection of sentinel axillary lymph nodes in comparison with other modalities including supravital staining. The Medical Journal of Cairo University, 67 (1), suppl: 9 - 22.

  24. Mohammad Kenawi and Raafat Afifi (1999): Long term follow-up of properitoneal Mersilene mesh repair for post-sternotomy epigastric incisional hernia. The Medical Journal of Cairo University, 67 (1) suppl.: 173 - 181.

  25. Mohammad Kenawi and Raafat Afifi (1999): Therapeutic ultrasound for the congested superficial temporal island flap in eyebrow reconstruction. The Medical Journal of Cairo University, 67 (2), suppl.: 1 - 7.

  26. Raafat Afifi and Mohamad El-Sherif El-Sarky (1999): Vertical deceleration injuries: Predictors of the injury and the outcome. The Medical Journal of Cairo University, 67 (2), suppl.: 9 - 24.

  27. Raafat Afifi, Mohamad Salah, Ayman Salah, Mostafa El-Hamamsy, Wahid Radwan and Abdalla El-Tawil (2000): The oesophagus as a cause of spontaneous angina like chest pain: A reappraisal. The Medical Journal of Cairo University, 68 (4): 643 - 649.

  28. Mohammad Kenawi, Raafat Afifi, Mohammad Khattab, Adel Bellal, Sherif Sery El-Deen and Khaled Ahmed (2000): Colour Duplex Ultrasonography For The Localization Of The Undescended Testis. The Medical Journal of Cairo University, 68 (3) suppl.:1 - 6.

  29. Mohammad Kenawi, Omar Zaki, Raafat Afifi, Sherin Wagih and Abd-Elkader Mohamed (2001): Lymphatic drainage of the skin of the deltoid area of the upper arm: Correction of an erroneous classical anatomy. The Medical Journal of Cairo University, 69 (2), (suppl.): 79 - 82.

  30. Nagui A Wahab, Raafat Afifi, Osama Labib and Nabil Mashhour (2001): The value of colour Doppler, colour-coded Duplex and power Doppler examination in the differentiation of benign and malignant axillary lymph nodes. The Medical Journal of Cairo University, 69(2), Suppl. II:101–108.

  31. Ashraf Salah, Raafat Afifi, Ayman Helmy, Soliman Saba and Rady Saad (2001): The role of laparoscopy in evaluating the operability of hepatic malignancy. The Medical Journal of Cairo University, 69 (3): 545 - 550.

  32. Mohamed El-Sherif El-Sarky, Ayman Salah and Raafat Afifi (2001): The diagnostic and therapeutic impact of laparoscopy in cases of acute intestinal obstruction and acute peritonitis. The Medical Journal of Cairo University, 69 (4) suppl. II: 49 – 61.

  33. Raafat Afifi, Mostafa Gad and Abdel-Hamid Askar (2002): Retroperitoneal pus collection: Image guided percutaneous versus primary surgical drainage. The Medical Journal of Cairo University, 70 (1) suppl.: 1 – 12.

  34. Ahmad T. Hadidi, Hisham El-Safory and Raafat Y. Afifi (2003): A technique to improve results in colon replacement of the oesophagus. The Medical Journal of Cairo University, 71 (2) suppl.II: 161 – 165.

  35. Hesham Salem, Raafat Y. Afifi, Moenes M. Kairy and Sherif Radwan (2003): The impact of early diagnosis and associated injuries on the outcome of patients with traumatic diaphragmatic rupture. The Medical Journal of Cairo University; 71 (4): 727 - 735.

  36. Nader A. Abulata, Hisham A. Aboueisha, Usama S. Imam, Mohamed M. Essawy, Raafat Y. Afifi, Ayman M. Salah, Hussein M. Ezzat, Nouman M. Elgarem, Motaz S. Siam and Ahmed Zeidan (2003): Cervical lympho-venous shunt versus peritoneo-venous (Denver) shunt in management of intractable ascites secondary to liver cirrhosis (analysis of 170 cases). The Medical Journal of Cairo University; 71 (2) suppl: 199 - 215.

  37. Omar A. El-Khashef, Walied A. El-Baz and Raafat Y. Afifi (2003): Sartorius Muscle Rotation-Transfer (SMRT) in prophylaxis against graft infection after reoperative groin vascular procedures. The Journal of the Egyptian Society of Surgeon, 22 (4): 353 – 358.

  38. Raafat Y. Afifi (2003): A Double Mesh Intraperitoneal Repair (ADMIR) for the management of large recurrent ventral hernia. The Medical Journal of Cairo University; 71 (4): 931 - 938 .

  39. Raafat Y. Afifi and Ali A El-Hindawi (2003): Hyperacute soft tissue infection in diabetics. The Medical Journal of Cairo University; 71 (4): 29 - 39 .

  40. M. Gad, Raafat Y. Afifi, M Shazly and Noman El-Gariem (2003): Short term results in Loco-regional ablation of different size hepatocellular carcinoma. The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine; 34 (4): 1785 - 1804.

  41. Raafat Y. Afifi, Emad Hamad and Soliman Saba (2004): The prognostic value of Bcl-2 in Egyptian females with breast carcinoma. The Medical Journal of Cairo University. 72 (2): 221 - 231.

  42. Raafat Y. Afifi and Soliman Saba (2004): Ductoscopy assisted breast surgery in patients with pathological nipple discharge: A preliminary report. The Medical Journal of Cairo University. 72 (2) suppl. II: 267 - 274.

  43. Raafat Y. Afifi and Ali A El-Hindawi (2004): Analysis of nipple - areolar complex (NAC) involvement with mastectomy: Can the nipple be preserved in Egyptian patients receiving skin-sparing mastectomy? The Breast Journal, 10 (6): 543 – 545.

  44. Afifi R (2005): A prospective study between two different techniques for the repair of a large recurrent ventral hernia: a double mesh intraperitoneal repair versus onlay mesh repair. Hernia, 9: 310 - 315.

  45. Afifi R (2006): Biomedical research ethics: Islamic view – Part I. Intenational Journal of Surgery (editorial). In the press.

  46. Afifi R (2006): Biomedical research ethics: Islamic view – Part II. Intenational Journal of Surgery (editorial). In the press.

  47. Henry Silverman, Raafat Afifi, Amina El-Nemer, Sherif Hamouda, Medhat Hassan, Nahed Kandeel, Heba Kassem, Nahed Mostafa, Isabelle Nakhla, Sahar Lashin, Samer S. El-Kamary, Maged El-Setouhy, Adil Shamoo, Robert Wachbroit and David Wasserman (2006): Enhancing Research Ethics Committees in Egypt: Guidelines for Standard Operating Procedures . In the press.

  48. Raafat Afifi (2006): Blunt abdominal trauma: Back to clinical judgement in the era of modern technology. International Journal of Surgery (editorial). In the press.

Published books:

  • M. Baum and R. Afifi (1991): Adjuvant endocrine therapy (chapter 23), in Medical Management of Breast Cancer. Edited by Trevor J. Powels and Ian E. Smith. Published by Martin Dunitz, PP: 231 - 242.

  • Kasr El-Aini introduction to surgery; First, second and third editions, 1996, 2000 and 2004. Chapter 52: Infections of bones and joints, Chapter 53: Generalized disorders of bones and joints and Chapter 54: Bone tumours.

  • The art of Surgical Clinical Examination, First edition, 2003.