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Giora  Netzer

Giora Netzer M.D.

Academic Title: Associate Professor
Primary Appointment: Medicine
Secondary Appointments: Epidemiology & Public Health
Location: MSTF 800
Phone: (410) 706-3344
Fax: (410) 706-8162

Personal History:

Dr. Netzer received his B.A. in art history from Vassar College before attending Temple University School of Medicine. His training in medicine, pulmonary and critical care was completed at the University of Pennsylvania, where he also received a master’s degree in clinical epidemiology. His research seeks to improve the implementation of critical care at the bedside through improved organization and education, helping family members as they care for their loved ones in the intensive care unit, and improving the long-term outcomes of patients as they face new challenges after discharge. Dr. Netzer serves the division as Director of Clinical Research and attending in the MICU. He is a four-time recipient of the medical school’s Certificate of Teaching Excellence and has been recognized by the Washington Post as a “Rising Star” in critical care.

Current Position:

  • Assistant Professor of Medicine; Director, Clinical Research


  • M.D. - Temple University School of Medicine, 2000
  • M.S.C.E. - University of Pennsylvania, 2006
  • Internship - Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 2001
  • Residency - Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 2003
  • Fellowship - Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 2006

Research Interests:

Red-cell transfusion and acute lung injury, fluid clearance in acute lung injury, and inflammatory mediators of critical illness

Current Research Funding:

5K12RR023250-04, Alan Shuldiner (PI)
NIH, Multidisciplinary Career Development Programs for New Faculty of the University of Maryland
Role: Investigator (75%)
Annual direct costs: $3,184,540
Total direct costs: $12,309,704

University of Maryland Claude D. Pepper Older Americans Independence Center
National Institute on Aging
Effect of Rehabilitation Interventions on Functional Outcomes and Musculoskeletal Composition in Elderly Survivors of Critical Illness
Role: Principal Investigator
Total costs: $25,000


Full listing of publications, including collaboration with the NHLBI ARDSNet.

Original Research

Netzer G, Shah CV, Iwashyna TJ, Lanken PN, Finkel B, Fuchs B, Guo W, Christie JD. “Association of Red Cell Transfusion with Mortality in Patients with Acute Lung Injury.” Chest. 132:1116-1123, 2007. PMID: 17505028.

Snyder G, Thom KA, Furuno JP, Perencevich EN, Roghmann MC, Johnson JA, Strauss SM, Netzer G, Harris AD. “Detection of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus and Vancomycin-resistant Enterococci by Healthcare Workers on Infection Control Gown and Gloves,” Infection Control Hospital Epidemiology. 29(7):583-589, 2008. PMID: 18549314.

Netzer G, Liu X, Harris A, Edelman B, Hess J, Shanholtz C, Murphy DJ, Terrin ML. “Transfusion Practice in the Intensive Care Unit: A Ten-Year Analysis.” Transfusion. 50: 2125-2134, 2010. PMID: 20553436.

Netzer G, Liu X, Shanholtz C, Harris AD, Verceles A, Iwashyna TJ. “Decreased Mortality Resulting from a Multi-Component Intervention in a Tertiary Care Medical Intensive Care Unit,” Critical Care Medicine. 39(2): 284-293, 2011. PMID: 21076286.

Reed RM, Hashmi S, Eberlein M, Iacono A, Netzer G, DeFillipis A, Girgis RE, Toth PP, Scharf S, Jones, S. “Impact of Lung Transplantation on Serum Lipids in COPD,” Respiratory Medicine. 105(12): 1961-1968, 2011. PMID: 22019328.

Verceles A, Silhan L, Terrin M, Netzer G, Shanholtz C, Scharf SM. “Circadian Rhythm Disruption in Severe Sepsis: The Effect of Ambient Light on Urinary 6-Sulfatoxymelatonin Secretion,” Intensive Care Medicine. 38(5): 804-810, 2012.  PMID: 22286671.
Iwashyna TJ, Netzer G, Langa KM, Cigolle C. “Spurious Inferences about Long-term Outcomes: The Case of Severe Sepsis and Geriatric Conditions,” American Journal of   Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 185(8):835-841, 2012. PMID: 22323301.

Hess AS, Shardell M, Johnson JK, Thom KA, Strassle P, Netzer G, Harris AD. “Methods and recommendations for evaluating and reporting a new diagnostic test.” European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases. 31(9): 2111-2116, 2012. PMID: 22476385.

Verceles A, Liu X, Terrin M, Scharf SM, Shanholtz C, Harris A, Ayanleye B, Parker A, Netzer G. “Ambient Light Levels and Critical Care Outcomes.” Journal of Critical Care. 28(1): 1-8, 2012. PMID 22762935.

Holena DN, Netzer G, Localio R, Gallop RJ, Bellamy SL, Meyer NJ, Shashaty MGS, Lanken PN, Kaplan S, Reilly PM, Christie JD. “The Association of Early Transfusion with Acute Lung Injury in Severely Injured Patients.” Journal of Trauma. 73(4): 825-831, 2012. PMID: 23034528.

Sullivan DR, Liu X, Corwin DS, Verceles AC, McCurdy MT, Pate DA, Davis JM, Netzer G. “Learned Helplessness Among Families and Decision-makers of Patients Admitted to Medical, Surgical, and Trauma Intensive Care Units.” Chest. 142(6): 1440-1446, 2012. PMID: 22661454.

Reed RM, Eberlein M, Girgis RE, Hashmi S, Iacono A, Jones S, Netzer G, Scharf S. “Coronary Artery Disease is Under-Diagnosed and Under-Treated in Advanced Lung Disease.” American Journal of Medicine. 125(12): 13-22, 2012. PMID: 22959785.

Parker AM, Liu X, Harris AD, Shanholtz CB, Smith RL, Hess DR, Reynolds M, Netzer G. "Respiratory Therapy Organizational Changes are Associated with Increased Respiratory Care Utilization." Respiratory Care. 58(3): 439-439, 2013. PMID: 22782139.

Editorials and Reviews

Netzer G, Dutton RP, Hess JR. “Right Data, Wrong Conclusion! (Editorial).” Critical Care Medicine. 36(4):1383-1384, 2008.

Netzer G, Dutton RP, Hess JR. “Blood Transfusion in Critical Care,” F1000 Medicine Reports. 1:56, 2009. PMID: 20948724.

Netzer G, Dutton RP, Hess JR. “Light from the EAST-SCCM (Editorial),” Critical Care Medicine. 37(12): 3184-3185, 2009. PMID: 19923948.

Netzer G, Hess JR. “TRALI, Transfusion, and Acute Lung Injury: Synergy in Action? (Editorial)” Critical Care Medicine. 38(3): 981-982, 2010. PMID: 20168153.

Netzer G, Hess JR. "Page the Critical Care Epidemiologist, STAT!" Critical Care Medicine. 39(5): 1219-1220, 2011. PMID: 21610586.

Iwashyna TJ, Netzer G. “The Burdens of Survivorship: An Approach to Thinking about Long-term Outcomes After Critical Illness.” Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 33(4): 327-338, 2012. PMID: 22875378.

Afshar M, Netzer G.  “Update in Critical Care for the Nephrologist: Transfusion in Non-Hemorrhaging, Critically Ill Patients.” Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease. 20(1): 30-38, 2013. PMID: 23265594.

Book Chapters

Netzer, G, Taichman D. “High Altitude Pulmonary Edema,” In Pulmonary Vascular Disease. Taichman, D and Mandell, J, Ed.  Philadelphia: Elsevier Press, 2006.

Netzer G, Sarani B, Gracias VH, Hess JR. “Rational Use of Blood Products,” In The Intensive Care Manual. 2nd Ed. Lanken PN, Hanson CW, Manaker S, Eds. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders. In Press.