Bookmark and Share

Publications - Diarrhea

Huang TL, Levine MM, Daoud GS, Nalin DR, Nichols BL. Fecal steroids in diarrhea. III. Experimentally - induced travelers' diarrhea. Am. J. Clin. Nutri. 1980;33:40-44.

Edelman R, Levine MM. Acute diarrheal infections in infants. II. Bacterial and viral causes. Hosp. Pract. 1980;15:97-104.

Pizarro D, Posada G, Levine MM, Mohs E. Oral rehydration of infants with acute diarrhoeal dehydration: a practical method. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 1980;83:241-245.

Levine MM, Hughes TP, Black RE, Clements ML, Matheny S, Siegel A, Cleaves F, Gutierrez C, Foote D, Smith W. Variability of sodium and sucrose levels of simple sugar/salt oral rehydration solutions prepared under optimal and field condition. J. Pediat. 1980;97:324-327.

Nalin DR, Harland E, Ramlal A, Swaby D, McDonald J, Gangarosa R, Levine M, Akierman A, Antoine M, Mackenzie K, Johnson B. Comparison of low and high sodium and potassium content in oral rehydration solutions. J. Pediat. 1980;97:848-853.

Levine MM, Clements ML, Black RE, Hughes TP, Blum D, Andino R, Corrales G. A practical, reliable method for preparing simple sugar/salt oral rehydration solutions. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 1981;84:73-76.

Clements ML, Levine MM, Cleaves F, Hughes TP, Caseres M, Aleman E, Black RE, Rust J. Comparison of simple sugar/salt versus glucose/electrolyte oral rehydration solutions in infant diarrhoea. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 1981;84:189-194.

Mendoza HR, Levine MM, Kapikian AZ, Martinez JD, Dominguez JA, Montero MM. Factores etiologicos de la diarrea aguda del lactante en la republica dominicana. Arch. Dom. Pediat. 1981;17:3-51.

Pizarro D, Posada G, Levine MM, Mohs E. Tratamiento oral de la deshidración hipernatremica. Act. Med. Cost. 1981;24:341-346.

Levine MM. Oral therapy for diarrhoea: past, present and future. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 1982;84:185-187.

Black RE, Levine MM, Clements ML, Angle P, Robins-Browne R. Proliferation of enteropathogens in oral rehydration solutions prepared with river water from Honduras and Surinam. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 1982;84:195-197.

Levine MM. Bacillary dysentery-mechanism and treatment. Med. Clin. N. Amer. 1982;66:623-638.

Levine MM, Conceptos tradicionales sobre diarrea aguda: viejos y nuevos agentes y agentes equivicos. Gen. (Revista de la Sociedad Venezolana de Gastroenterología). 1982;36:9-11.

Levine MM. Diarreas bacterianas producidas por tosinas. Gen. (Revista de la Sociedad Venezolana de Gastroenterologia). 1982;36:39-40.

Levine MM. Empleo de los antibioticos y otras drogas en el tratamiento de la diarrea aguda. Gen. (Revista de la Sociedad Venezolana de Gastroenterologia). 1982;36:107-108.

Levine MM. Vacunas contra Agentes Bacterianos. Gen. (Revista de la Sociedad Venezolana de Gastroenterologia). 1982;36:121-122.

Clements ML, Levine MM, Ristaino P, Daya VE, Hughes TP. Exogenous lactobacilli fed to man - their fate and ability to prevent diarrheal disease. Prog. Food Nutr. Sci. 1983;7:29-37.

Pizarro D, Posada G, Villavicencio N, Mohs E, Levine MM. Hypernatremic ad hyponatremic diarrheal dehydration treated with oral glucose/electrolyte solution (90 mmol/1 sodium). Am. J. Dis. Child. 1983;137:730-734.

Levine MM, Pizarro D. Advances in therapy of diarrheal dehydration. Adv. Pediat. 31.

Pizarro D, Posada G, Levine MM. Hypernatremic diarrheal dehydration treated with "slow" (12 hour) oral rehydration therapy: a preliminary report. J. Pediat. 1984;104:316-319.

Booth IW, Levine MM, Harries JT. Oral rehydration therapy in acute diarrhoea in childhood. J. Pediat. Gastro. Nutr. 1984;3:491-499.

Levine MM, Losonsky G, Herrington D, Kaper JB, Tacket C, Rennels MB, Morris JG. Pediatric diarrhea: the challenge of prevention. J. Pediat. Infect. Dis. Supplement 1986;5:S29-S43.

Levine MM. Antimicrobial therapy for infectious diarrhea. Rev. Infect. Dis. Supplement 1986;8:S207-S216.

Rennels MB, Levine MM. Classical bacterial diarrhea: perspectives and update -- Salmonella, Shigella, Escherichia coli, Aeromonas and Plesiomonas. J. Pediat. Infect. Dis. Supplement 1986;5:S91-S100.

Pizarro DT, Posada GS, Levine MM, Nalin DR, Mohs EV. Comparison of efficacy of oral rehydration fluids administered at 37oC or 23oC. J. Trop. Ped. 1987;33:48-51.

Kotloff KL, Wasserman SS, Steciak JY, Tall BD, Losonsky GA, Nair P, Morris JG, Levine MM. Acute diarrhea in Baltimore children attending an outpatient clinic. Pediat. Infect. Dis. J. 1989;7:753-759.

Bhan MK, Bhandari N, Sazawal S, Clemens J, Raj P, Levine MM, Kaper JB. Descriptive epidemiology of persistent diarrhoea among young children in rural northern India. Bull World Health Org. 1989;67:281-288.

Edelman, R. Treatment of gastrointestinal infection. Curr. Opin. Gastro. 1990;6:124-129.

Stanton BF, Clemens JD, Ahmed S. Methodological considerations in defining chronic diarrhoea using a distributional approach. Int. J. Epidemiol. 1990;19:439-443.

Fasano A, Hokama Y, Russell R, Morris JG. Ciguatera fish poisoning: a preliminary evaluation of pathophysiologic mechanisms responsible for diarrhea. Gastroenterology 1991;100:471-476.

Dupont HL, Edelman R, Kimmey M. Infectious diarrhea: from E. coli to Vibrio. Patient Care, May 30, 1991.

Durante L, Zulty JC, Israel E, Russell RG, Qizilbash AH, Morris JG. Investigation of an

outbreak of bloody diarrhea: Association with endoscope cleaning solutions, and demonstration of lesions in an animal model. American Journal Medicine 1992;92:476-480.

Taylor, J.L., Tuttle, J., Pramukul, T., O'Brien, K., Barrett, T.J., Jolbitado, B., Lim Y.L., Vugia D., Morris, J.G., Tauxe, R.V., Dwyer, D.M. An outbreak of cholera in Maryland associated with commercial imported frozen fresh coconut milk. J. Infect. Dis. 1993, 167, 1330-1335.

Levine MM, Levine OS. Changes in human ecology and behaviour in relation to the emergence of diarrheal diseases, including cholera. Proc Natl Acad Sci, USA 91;2390-2394, 1994.

Cookson, S.L., and Edelman, R. Treatment of gastrointestinal infections. Current Opinion in Gastroenterology 1994, 10:105-111.

Fang, G-D, Lima, AAM, Martins, CV, Nataro, JP, Guerrant, RL. Etiology and epidemiology of persistent diarrhea in northeastern Brazil: a hospital-based, prospective, case-control study. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 21(2):137-144, 1995.

Kaper, J.B., J.G. Morris, Jr., and M.M. Levine. Cholera. Clinical Microbiology Reviews. 1995, 8:48-86.

Cegielski JP, Msengi AE, Dukes CS, Levine MM. Pathogenic Escherichia coli in children with and without chronic diarrhea in Tanzania. [LETTER]. J. Infect. Dis. 1996;174:675-677.

Koopmans MP, Goosen ES, Lima AA, Mcauliffe IT, Nataro JP, Barrett LJ, Glass RI, Guerrant RL. Association of torovirus with acute and persistent diarrhea in children. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 1997;16:504-507.

Walker-Smith JA, Sandhu BK, Isolauri E, Banchini G, van Caillie-Bertrand M, Dias JA, Fasano A, Guandalini S, Hoekstra JH, Juntunen M, Kolacek S, Marx D, Micetic-Turk D, Razenberg MC, Szajewska H, Taminiau J, Weizman Z, Zanacca C, Zetterstrom R. Guidelines prepared by the ESPGAN Working Group on Acute Diarrhoea. Recommendations for feeding in childhood gastroenteritis. J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr. 1997;24:619-620.

Kotloff KL. Bacterial diarrheal pathogens. Adv. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. 1999;14:219-67.

Lima AA, Moore SR, Barboza MS, Soares AM, Schleupner MA, Newman RD, Sears CL, Nataro JP, Fedorko DP, Wuhib T, Schorling JB, Guerrant RL. Persistent diarrhea signals a critical period of increased diarrhea burdens and nutritional shortfalls: a prospective cohort study among children in northeastern Brazil. J Infect Dis. 2000, 181:1643-51.