Division of Cardiothoracic Anesthesiology


The Division of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Anesthesiology excels in the provision of patient care, the conduct of innovative research, and the education of residents and fellows. In 2012, the Division moved into new operating rooms, and a new hybrid room for multispecialty integrated cardiac care involving cardiac surgery, cardiology, cardiac anesthesia, and interventional radiology services. The Division provides anesthesia services for 1,300 cases a year in state-of-the-art surgical suites as well as the Electrophysiology Laboratory and Adult Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory. The University of Maryland Medical Center moved up in rank from 31st to 27th in Cardiology and Heart Surgery in the U.S. News & World Report “Best Hospitals” 2012-2013 edition, and is ranked 26th in the country in Pulmonology. Faculty members care for patients undergoing minimally invasive valve repairs, coronary revascularization, congenital heart disease surgery, and major aortic surgery. The Division is a leader in transplantation and destination therapy with ventricular-assist devices. Faculty members recently began participating in two advanced cardiothoracic procedures: ex-vivo lung transplantation and transcatheter aortic valve replacement. During ex-vivo lung transplantation, the donor lungs are ventilated, warmed, and treated with nutrients and antibiotics before surgeons transplant them into the recipient. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement is a minimally invasive approach which enables patients with stenotic aortic valves to receive new valves without open heart surgery.

  • Research: Division investigators are conducting research to advance the field. Several faculty members are collaborating to study protection against excitotoxicityinduced neuronal metabolic inhibition by pharmacologic levels of magnesium.
  • Education: Anesthesiology residents rotate through the Division, which also offers a fellowship in Cardiothoracic Anesthesiology. The Division also provides the learning environment and tools to train for certification in Basic Perioperative Transesophageal Echocardiography from the National Board of Echocardiography.



  • Risha Gupta, M.D.
  • Chinwe Nwosu, M.D.