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E. Albert  Reece
 

E. Albert Reece M.D., Ph.D., M.B.A.

Academic Title: Professor
Primary Appointment: Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences
Additional Title(s): John Z. and Akiko K. Bowers Distinguished Professor and Dean, University of Maryland School of Medicine
deanmed@som.umaryland.edu
Location: BRB, 14-029
Phone: (410) 706-7410
Fax: (410) 706-0235

Personal History:

E. Albert Reece, MD, PhD, MBA, is the Vice President for Medical Affairs, University of Maryland; the John Z. and Akiko K. Bowers Distinguished Professor, and Dean of the School of Medicine. He is also professor in the departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medicine, and Biochemistry & Molecular Biology. He is a member of the prestigious Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academy of Sciences.

Originally from Jamaica, West Indies, Dr. Reece completed a Bachelor of Science degree with honors (Magna Cum Laude) from Long Island University; a M.D. degree from New York University School of Medicine; a Ph.D. degree in biochemistry from the University of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica; and a MBA degree from the Fox School of Business & Management of Temple University. He completed an internship and residency in obstetrics and gynecology at Columbia University Medical Center, and a postdoctoral fellowship in Maternal-Fetal Medicine at Yale University School of Medicine. He remained on the full-time faculty at Yale for almost 10 years, during which he served as Clinical Instructor from '82 to '84; Assistant Professor from '84 to '87; and received accelerated promotion to Associate Professor in 1987. In November 1990, at the age of 39, he was recruited by Temple University to serve as the Abraham Roth Professor and Chairman of the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences. Between 2001 and 2006, he served as Vice Chancellor of the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and dean of the College of Medicine. In 2006, he was recruited by the University of Maryland to serve in his current capacity. In 2010, Dr. Reece served as Acting President of the University of Maryland.

In addition to his administrative responsibilities, Dean Reece is actively involved in research and education (see "Research Interests" below). He is a sought after Visiting Professor and Lecturer at numerous institutions both nationally and internationally. He has also published extensively in the scientific literature: 12 books including revisions; 5 monographs; and more than 500 articles, chapters, and abstracts. He recently served as Chair of the Council of Deans of the Association of American Medical Colleges. He serves or has served on many governmental and civic organizations and committees such as, the FDA, the IOM, the NIH, the Secretary of Health & Human Services Committee on Infant Mortality, The March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, the Massachusetts General Hospital Scientific Advisory Committee, the Board (Chairman) of the Nelly Berman Classical Music Institute, and the Agnes Irwin School for Girls. He receives numerous special recognitions and awards including, the Distinguished Leadership Award in 2009 and the 2010 Berson Medical Alumni Achievement Award in Health Sciences from his alma mater, New York University School of Medicine, and the 2010 Distinguished Service Award from Loma Linda University.

Dean Reece is married to Sharon Reece, MA, JD, LLM, a visiting associate professor of Law at the University of Maryland School of Law. They have three daughters: Kelie (PhD); Brynne (DDS), and Sharon-Andrea.

Research Interests:

His research focuses on diabetes in pregnancy, birth defects and prenatal diagnosis. He directs an NIH multi-million dollar research laboratory group studying the bio-molecular mechanisms of diabetes-induced birth defects. His laboratory has determined that there are specific cytoarchitectural changes at the epithelial level of the cell associated with these anomalies. Biochemical changes include depletion in membrane lipids and phospholipids as well as excess “free radicals." His group is now studying the molecular mechanisms, and methods to prevent these anomalies. He and his colleagues have also developed the technique of embryofetoscopy for early prenatal diagnosis and eventually for curative fetal therapy.


Publications:

Selected Publications


    2000

  1. Leguizamon G, Reece EA:  Effect of medical therapy on progressive nephropathy: influence of prenancy, diabetes and hypertension.  J Matern-Fetal Med 9(1):70-8, 2000.
  2. Reece EA, Homko CJ:  Why do diabetic women deliver malformed infants?  Clin Ob & Gyn 43(1):32-45, 2000.
  3. Dang K, Homko C, Reece EA:  Factors associated with fetal macrosomia in offspring of gestational diabetic women.  J Matern-Fetal Med 9(2):114-7, 2000.
  4. Makhoul IR, Goldstein I, Epelman M, Tamir A, Reece EA, Sujov P:  Neonatal transverse cerebellar diameter in normal and growth restricted infants.  J Matern-Fetal Med 9(3):155-60, 2000.
  5. Wiznitzer A, Furman B, Zuili I, Shany S, Reece EA, Mazor M:  Cord leptin level and fetal macrosomia.  Obstet Gynecol 96(5 Pt 1):707-13, Nov 2000.

  6. 2001

  7. Homko C, Sivan E, Chen X, Reece EA, Boden G:  Insulin secretion during and after pregnancy in patients with gestational diabetes mellitus.  J Clin Endocrinol Metab 86(2):568-73, Feb 2001.
  8. Homko CJ, Reece EA:  To screen or not to screen for gestational diabetes mellitus.  The clinical quagmire.  Clin Perinatol 28(2):407-17, Jun 2001.  Review.
  9. Sivan E, Weisz B, Homko CJ, Reece EA, Schiff E:  One or two hours post-prandial glucose measurements: are they the same?  Am J Obstet & Gynecol 185(3)604-7, 2001.
  10. Goldstein I, Tamir A, Reece EA:  The fetal superior cerebellar vermian width in normal, growth restricted and macrosomic fetuses.  J Maternal-Fetal Med 10(1):23-7, 2001.
  11. Wiznitzer A, Reece EA, Furman B, Homko C, Gakman R, Mazor M, Levy J:  Fetal serum levels of insulin, growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-I in concordant and discordant twin gestations.  J Maternal-Fetal Med 10(4):236-40, 2001.

  12. 2002

  13. Reece EA:  Clinical Trials Report: The effect of pregnancy and glycemic controls in diabetes.  Current Diabetes Reports 2(4):325-6, August 2002.
  14. Reece EA, Lequizamon G, Silva J, Whiteman V, Smith D:  Intensive interventional maternity care reduces infant morbidity and hospital costs.  J Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Med 11:204-10, 2002.
  15. Homko CJ, Sivan E, Reece EA:  The impact of self-monitoring of blood glucose on self-efficacy and pregnancy outcomes in women with diet-controlled gestational diabetes.  Diabetes Educator 28(3):435-43, 2002.
  16. Goldstein I, Reece EA, Tamir A:  Cerebellar growth in normal fetuses of multiple gestations.
    J Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Med 11:188-91, 2002.
  17. Reece EA, Ma XD, Wu YK, Dhanasekaran D:  Aberrant patterns of cellular communication in diabetes-induced embryopathy I: membrane signalling.  J Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Med 11(4):249-53, 2002.
  18. Reece EA, Maulik D:  A consensus conference of the Diabetes in Pregnancy Study Group of North America.  (editorial) J Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Med 12(6):361, 2002.
  19. Homko CJ, Reece EA:  Self-monitoring of blood glucose in gestational diabetes.  Review.  J Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Med 12(6):389-95, 2002.
  20. Reece EA, Homko C, Miodovnik M, Langer O:  A consensus report of the Diabetes in Pregnancy Study Group of North America Conference (Little Rock, Arkansas, May 2002).  J Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Med 12(6):362-4, 2002.
  21. Leguizamon G, Krupitzki H, Glujovsky D, Ravasi MO, Reece EA:  Blood glucose monitoring in gestational diabetes mellitus: 1- versus 2-h blood glucose determinations.  J Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Med 12(6):384-8, 2002.
  22. Khandelwal M, Kumanova M, Gaughan JP, Reece EA:  Role of diltiazem in pregnant women with chronic renal disease.  J Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Med 12(6):408-12, 2002.

  23. 2003

  24. Sung NS, Crowley WF, Genel M, Salber P, Sandy L, Sherwood LM, Johnson SB, Catanese V, Tilson H, Getz K, Larson EL, Scheinberg D, Reece EA, Slavkin H, Dobs A, Grebb J, Martinez RA, Korn A, Rimoin D:  Central challenges facing the national clinical research enterprise.  JAMA 289(10):1278-87, 2003.
  25. Homko CJ, Reece EA:  Clinical Trials Report: Development of early-onset type 2 diabetes in the young: implications for child bearing.  Current Diabetes Reports 3(4):313-8, August 2003.
  26. Kim SY, Khandelwal M, Gaughan JP, Agar MH, Reece EA:  Is intrapartum biophysical profile useful?  Obstet Gynecol 102(3):471-6, September 2003.

  27. 2004

  28. Reece EA:  Synopsis of the North American Diabetes in Pregnancy Study Group Conference in Little Rock, Arkansas, May 2003.  J Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Med 15(1):1-5, 2004 (Editorial).
  29. Homko CJ, Sivan E, Reece EA:  Is there a role for oral antihyperglycemics in gestational diabetes and type 2 diabetes during pregnancy?  Treat Endocrinol 3(3):133-9, 2004.
  30. Reece EA, Homko CJ:  Pregnancy in women with diabetic nephropathy.  UpToDate, 2004.
  31. Crowley WF, Sherwood L, Salber P, Scheinberg D, Slavkin H, Tilson H, Reece EA, Catanese V, Johnson SB, Dobs A, Genel M, Korn A, Reame N, Bonow R, Grebb J, Rimoin D:  Clinical research in the United States at a crossroads: proposal for a novel public-private partnership to establish a national clinical research enterprise.  JAMA 291(9):1120-6, 2004.
  32. Homko CJ, Reece EA:  Clinical Trials Report: Increased fetal adiposity and increased obesity.  Current Diabetes Reports 4(4):263-5, August 2004.

  33. 2005

  34. Reece EA, Wu YK, Dhanasekaran D:  Aberrant patterns of cellular communication in diabetes-induced embryopathy in rats II: apoptotic pathways.  Am J Obstet & Gynecol 192(3):967-72, March 2005.
  35. Reece EA, Homko CJ:  How, when, and why to test for gestational diabetes mellitus.  Contemporary OB/GYN 50(8):42-52, August 2005.
  36. Kupersmith J, Sung N, Genel M, Slavkin H, Califf R, Bonow R, Sherwood L, Reame N, Catanese V, Baase C, Feussner J, Dobs A, Tilson H, Reece EA:  Creating a new structure for research on health care effectiveness.  Journal of Investigative Medicine 53(2):67-72, March 2005. 
  37. Green NS, Damus K, Simpson JL, Iams J, Reece EA, Hobel CJ, Merkatz IR, Greene M,   Schwarz RH, March of Dimes Scientific Advisory Committee on Prematurity:  Research agenda for preterm birth: recommendations from the March of Dimes.  Am J Obstet & Gynecol 193:626-35, September 2005.
  38. Zhao Z, Reece EA:  Experimental mechanisms of diabetic embryopathy and strategies for developing therapeutic interventions.  J of the Society for Gynecologic Investigation 12(8):549-57, December 2005.
  39. Zhao Z, Reece EA:  Nicotine-induced embryonic malformations mediated by apoptosis from increasing intracellular calcium and oxidative stress.  Birth Defects Research (Part B), Developmental Reproductive Toxicology, 74:383-91, 2005.

  40. 2006

  41. Reece EA, Wu YK, Zhao Z, Dhanasekaran D:  Dietary vitamin and lipid therapy rescues aberrant signaling and apoptosis and prevents hyperglycemia-induced diabetic embryopathy in rats.  Am J Obstet & Gynecol 194(2):580-5, February 2006.
  42. Murillo H, Reece EA, Snyderman R, Sung N:  Meeting the challenges facing clinical research: solutions proposed by leaders of medical specialty and clinical research societies.  Acad Med 81(2):107-12, February 2006.
  43. Homko CJ, Reece EA:  Metformin in pregnancy: Ready or not!  Current Opinion in Endocrinology and Diabetes, 13(2): 185-190, April 2006.
  44. Homko CJ, Reece EA:  Insulins and oral hypoglycemic agents in pregnancy.  J Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Med, 19(11): 679-686, November 2006.
  45. Reece EA, Ji I, Wu YK, Zhao Z:  Characterization of differential gene expression profiles in diabetic embryopathy using DNA microarray analysis.  Am J Obstet & Gynecol, 195(4):1075-80, October 2006.

  46. 2007

  47. Rasouli N, Kern PA, Reece EA, Elbein SC: Effects of pioglitazone and metformin on {beta}-cell function in non-diabetic subjects at high risk for type 2 diabetes.  Am J Physiol Endocrino Metab, 292: E359-E365, 2007.  First published Sep 12, 2006; doi:10.1152/ajpendo.00221.2006.
  48. Murillo H, Reece, EA: Solutions and strategies from medical and nursing school leadership for the challenges facing the clinical research enterprise.  Acad Med, 82(7):625-632, July 2007.
  49. Unal R, Ahmed BA, Jeffus BC, Harney JT, Lyle CS, Wu Y-K, Chambers TC, Reece EA, Kilic F: At diabetes-like concentration, glucose down-regulates the placental serotonin transport system in a cell-cycle dependent manner.  J Neurochemistry; 101(4):937-948, May 2007. doi:10.1111/j.1471-4159.2007.04469.x.
  50. Green NS, Simpson JL, Lockwood CJ, Greene MF, Reece EA, Cohen H, Gibbs R, Schwarz R, Frigoletto F, March of Dimes Scientific Advisory Committee on Prematurity:  The Imperative of a Biobank for Research on Preterm Birth.  Am J Obstet & Gynecol; (under review).
  51. Reece EA, Homko CJ: Gestational diabetes and threshold – specific outcomes.  Curr Diab Rep; 7(4):279-80, August 2007.
  52. Yang P, Zhao Z, Reece EA: Involvement of c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs) activation in diabetic embryopathy: pharmacological and genetic evidence.  Biochem Biophys Res Commun; 2007, doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2007.04.023.
  53. Reece EA, Homko CJ: Prepegnancy care and the prevention of fetal malformations in the pregnancy complicated by diabetes.  Clin Obstet & Gynecol; 50(4): 990-7, Dec 2007.
  54. Leguizamon G, Igarzabal ML, Reece, EA: Periconceptional care of women with diabetes.  Obstet & Gynecol North Am; 34(2):225-39, June 2007.
  55. Reece EA, Murillo H: What’s in a Name? A paradigm shift for non-basic research.  J Investig Med; 55(5): July 2007.
  56. Lowery C, Bronstein J, McGhee J, Ott R, Reece EA, Mays GP:  ANGELS and University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences paradigm for distant obstetrical care delivery. Am J Obstet & Gynecol; 196(6):534-36, June 2007.
  57. Reece EA, Homko CJ:  Pregnancy in women with diabetic nephropathy.  UpToDate, 2007.
  58. Reece EA:  University of Maryland School of Medicine. Acad Med; 82(11): 1021, Nov 2007.
  59. Reece EA: Global Health and the University of Maryland School of Medicine: a legacy of excellence and commitment. Md Med; 8(13): 15-16, Summer 2007

  60. 2008

  61. Correa A, Gilboa S, Besser LM, Botto L, Moore CA, Hobbs CA, Cleves M, Colarusso T, Waller K, Reece EA: Diabetes mellitus and birth defects. Am J Obstet & Gyneco 2008; 199:237.e1-237.e9, Sep 2008.
  62. Reece EA: Obesity, diabetes, and links to congenital defects: A review of the evidence and recommendations for intervention. J Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Med, 21:3, 173-180, Jan 2008.
  63. Yang P, Zhao Z, Reece EA: Activation of oxidative stress signaling implicated in apoptosis using a mouse model of diabetic embryopathy.  Am J Obstet & Gynecol; 198(1):130, Jan 2008.
  64. Yang P, Zhao Z, Reece EA: Blockade of JNK activation abrogates hyperglycemia-induced yolk sac vasculopathy in vitro.  Am J Obstet & Gynecol; Jan 2008 [Epub ahead of print].
  65. Reece EA: Perspectives on obesity, pregnancy and birth outcomes in the United States: the scope of the problem. Am J Obstet & Gynecol; 198(1): 23-27, Jan 2008.
  66. Reece EA, Nugent O, Wheeler RP, Smith CW, Hough AJ, Winter C: Adapting industry-style business model to academia in a system of performance-based incentive compensation. Acad Med; 83(1): 76-84, Jan 2008.
  67. Zhao Z, Wu Y-K, Reece EA:  Demonstation of the essential role of protein kinase C isoforms in hyperglycemia-induced embryonic malformations.  Reprod Sci.; 15(4), Apr 2008.
  68. Reece EA. In the search for genes responsible for neural tube defects, glucose metabolism matters. Reprod Sci; 15(1): 7-8, January 2008.
  69. Correa A, Gilboa S, Besser LM, Botto L, Moore CA, Hobbs CA, Cleves M, Riehle-Colarusso T, Waller K, Reece EA: Diabetes mellitus and birth defects. Am J Obstet & Gynecol; September 2008; 237.e1:237.e9.

  70. 2009

  71. Zhao Z, Yang P, Eckert RL, Reece EA: Caspase-8 – A key role in the pathogenesis of diabetic embryopathy.  Birth Defects Res B; 86(1): 72-77, Feb 2009.
  72. Reece EA, Leguizamon G, Wiznitzer A: Gestational diabetes: the need for a common ground.  Lancet 2009; 373: 1789-97.

  73. 2010

  74. Reece EA. The fetal and maternal consequences of gestational diabetes mellitus. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2010;23:199-203.
  75. Zhao Z, Yang P, Eckert RL, Reece EA: Diabetic embryopathy: toward delineating the molecular mechanisms.  Physiol. Rev (Submitted).

Books

  1. Reece EA, Coustan DR (Editors):  Diabetes Mellitus in Pregnancy: Principles and Practice, New York, Churchill-Livingstone, 1988.
  2. Reece EA, Hobbins JC, Mahoney MJ, Petrie RH (Editors):  Medicine of the Fetus and Mother, Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1992.
  3. Reece EA, Hobbins JC, Mahoney MJ, Petrie RH (Editors):  A Study Guide for Medicine of the Fetus and Mother, Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1992.
  4. Reece EA, Goldstein I, Hobbins JC:  Fundamentals in Obstetric and Gynecologic Ultrasound, Norwalk, Appleton & Lange, 1993.
  5. Reece EA, Hobbins JC, Mahoney MJ, Petrie RH (Editors): Handbook of Medicine of the Fetus & Mother, Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1995.
  6. Reece EA, Coustan DR (Editors): Diabetes Mellitus in Pregnancy: Principles and Practice, 2nd Edition.  New York, Churchill-Livingstone, 1995.
  7. Reece EA, Hobbins JC (Editors): Medicine of the Fetus and Mother, 2nd Edition.  Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1999.
  8. Reece EA, Coustan DR, Gabbe SG (Editors): Diabetes in Women: Adolescence, Pregnancy, and Menopause, 3rd Edition.  Philadelphia, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2004.
  9. Reece EA, Hobbins JC (Editors): Clinical Obstetrics: The Fetus & Mother, 3rd Edition. Oxford, England, Blackwell Publishing; 2007.
  10. Reece EA, Hobbins JC (Editors):  A Handbook of Clinical Obstetrics: The Fetus & Mother, 3rd Edition.  Oxford, England, Blackwell Publishing; 2007.
  11. Reece EA, Hobbins JC (Editors):  A Question-and-Answer Booklet for Clinical Obstetrics: The Fetus & Mother, 3rd Edition.  Oxford, England, Blackwell Publishing; 2007.
  12. Reece EA, Barbieri R (Editors): Obstetrics & Gynecology: The Clinical Essentials. Stuttgart, Germany, Thieme Publishing, (in press).

eBook Version

  1. Reece EA: Clinical Obstetrics – Handbook, 002; ISBN: 1405156090. Oxford, England, Blackwell Publishing (in press).

Invited Chapters


    1985-1987

  1. Reece EA, Hobbins JC: Ultrasonography and diabetes mellitus in pregnancy. In: The Principles and Practice of Ultrasonography in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Sander R, James AE Jr (eds), New York, Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1985.
  2. Hayslett JP, Reece EA: Systemic lupus erythematosus in pregnancy. In: Clinics in Perinatology. Quilligan E, Zuspan F (eds.), 12:539-50, 1985.
  3. Reece EA, Antoine C, Montgomery J: The fetus as the final arbiter of intrauterine stress and distress. In: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology 29:23-32, 1986.
  4. Reece EA, Hobbins JC: Management decisions in obstetrics. In: Diagnostic Ultrasound Applied to Obstetrics and Gynecology. Sabbagha RE (ed), Philadelphia, Lippincott Company, pp 54-9, 1987.

  5. 1988-1990

  6. Reece EA, Assimakopoulos E: Lupus in pregnancy. In: Current Therapy in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Quilligan E, Zuspan F (eds), (2nd Edition) pp 279-283, 1990.
  7. Reece EA: Management of hydrocephalus. In: Current Therapy in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Quilligan E, Zuspan F (eds), (2nd Edition) pp 325-329, 1990.

  8. 1991-1993

  9. Reece EA, Quintero, R: The management of overt diabetes mellitus in pregnancy. In: American Diabetes Association Guidelines for Diabetes Management in Pregnancy, 1991.
  10. Reece EA, Hobbins JC: Embryoscopy: An evolving technology for early prenatal diagnosis. In: The Embryo: Normal and Abnormal Development and Growth. Chapman M (ed), pp 123-140, 1991.
  11. Reece EA, Assimakopoulos E: Coronary artery disease in pregnancy. In: Principles and Practice of Medical Therapy in Pregnancy. Gleisher N (ed), pp 817-822, Norwalk, Appleton & Lange, 1992.
  12. Rothmensch S, Reece EA, Hobbins JC: Embryoscopy and Fetoscopy. In: The Textbook of Operative Obstetrics. Iffy L, Apuzzio JJ, Vintzileos AM (eds), (2nd Edition). New York, McGraw-Hill, Inc. pp 114-123, 1992.
  13. Reece EA: Embryoscopy. In: The First 12 Weeks of Gestation: A New Frontier for Investigation and Intervention. Barnea ER, Hustin J, Jaumiaux E (eds.), Springer-Verlag, pp 376-392, 1992.
  14. Viscarello RR, DeGennaro NJ, Reece EA: The fetus of the diabetic mother. In: The High Risk Fetus. Chin-Chiu Lin, Verp M, Sabbagha R (eds), Springer-Verlag New York Inc., 1993.
  15. Reece EA, Pinter E, Naftolin F: Mammalian models of injury of the yolk sac. In: The Human Yolk Sac and Yolk Sac Tumors. Nogales (ed), Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 1993.
  16. Reece EA: Diabetes-induced birth defects: Pathogenesis and prenatal diagnosis. In: Obstetrical Ultrasonography. Chervenak F, Campbell S (eds), 1993.
  17. Reece EA, Wiznitzer A, Blake D: Peripartum ultrasonography. In: Diagnostic Ultrasound Applied to Obstetrics and Gynecology. Sabbagha RE (ed), (3rd Edition). J.B. Lippincott, Philadelphia, PA, 1993.
  18. Reece EA, Homko CJ, Wiznitzer A: Fetal response to hypoglycemic conditions. In: Frontiers in Endocrinology: Metabolism in the Female Life Cycle. Diamond MP, Naftolin F (eds), (Volume 1). Ares-Serono Symposia, Rome, Italy, 1993.
  19. Pinter E, Reece EA, Naftolin F: Organogenetic Defects. Diabetes-associated congenital malformations: Experimental methods of induction and prevention. In: Frontiers in Endocrinology: Metabolism in the Female Life Cycle. Diamond MP, Naftolin F (eds), (Volume 1). Ares-Serono Symposia, Rome, Italy, 1993.

  20. 1994-1996

  21. Reece EA, Homko CJ, Wiznitzer A: Hypoglycemia in pregnancies complicated by diabetes mellitus: Maternal and fetal considerations. In: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology. Pitkin RM, Scott JR (eds). J.B. Lippincott, Philadelphia, PA, 1994.
  22. Hayslett JP, Reece EA: Managing diabetic patients with nephropathy and other vascular complications: Bailliere's Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology 8(2):405-24. Bailliere Tindall, London, England, 1994.
  23. Reece EA, Homko CJ: Management of pregnant women with diabetes. In: Therapy for Diabetes Mellitus and Related Disorders. Lebovitz HE (ed), (2nd Edition). American Diabetes Association, Inc., Alexandria, VA, pp. 17-24, 1994.
  24. Hagay Z, Reece EA: Diabetes mellitus in pregnancy and genetic counseling. In: Maternal Genetic Disease. Isada NB, Drugan A, Johnson MP, Evans MI (eds), Stamford, Appleton & Lange, 1996.
  25. Mastrogiannis DS, Reece EA: Tocolytic therapy and preterm labor. In: Intensive Care of the Fetus and Neonate. Spitzer AR (ed). Mosby-Year Book, Inc., St. Louis, MO, pp. 211-20, 1996.
  26. Reece EA: High risk pregnancy. In: Diabetes-in-Pregnancy. Mammapolis M, Farmakides G (eds). University Studio Press, pp. 299-310, 1996.

  27. 1997-1999

  28. Reece EA: Metabolic fuels in diabetic women: Embryogenesis and embryopathy. In: Genetic Disorders and Pregnancy Outcome. Platt LD, Koch R, de la Cruz F (eds). London, Parthenon Publishing Group, pp. 121-135, 1997.
  29. Reece EA, Homko CJ: Management of pregnant women with diabetes. In: Therapy for Diabetes Mellitus and Related Disorders. Lebovitz HE (ed), (3rd Edition). American Diabetes Association, Inc., Alexandria, VA, pp. 27-38, 1998.
  30. Reece EA, Wiznitzer A: Fetal Anomalies. In: Encyclopedia of Reproduction, Vol 2, pp 279-285, 1998.
  31. Reece EA: Coronary artery disease in pregnancy. In: Principles and Practice of Medical Therapy in Pregnancy. Gleisher N (ed), (3rd Edition). Norwalk, Appleton & Lange, pp 968-973, 1998.
  32. Reece EA, Homko CJ: Management of pregnant women with diabetes. In: Therapy for Diabetes Mellitus and Related Disorders (3rd Edition). Lebovitz HE (ed). American Diabetes Association, Inc., Alexandria, VA, pp. 27-38, 1998.
  33. Homko C, Reece EA: Ambulatory Care of the Pregnant Woman with Diabetes. In: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology. Lippincott-Raven, Vol 41, No.3:584-596, 1999.

  34. 2000-2001

  35. Plante L, Reece EA: The hypertensive diabetic woman. In: Hypertension in Women. Sabai BM (ed), W.B. Saunders, pp. 139-163, 2001.
  36. Reece EA, Homko CJ: Metabolism of Maternal Fuels in Pregnancy. In: The Physiologic Basis of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Seifer DB, Samuels P, Kniss DA (eds). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, pp. 502-512, 2001.
  37. Homko CJ, Reece EA: To screen or not to screen for gestational diabetes mellitis: The clinical quagmire. In: Clinics in Perinatology. Evans MI (ed). Saunders, pp. 407-418, 2001.

  38. 2002

  39. Homko C, Reece EA: Ambulatory care of the pregnant woman with diabetes. In: Ambulatory Obstetrics. Washington Clark Hill. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, pp. 135-155, 2002.
  40. Reece EA: Endoscopic access to the fetal circulation in the first trimester for diagnostic and operative fetoscopy. In: Diagnostic and Operative Fetoscopy. Quintero RA (ed). Parthenon Publishing, pp. 21-26, 2002.
  41. Reece EA, Homko CJ: Diabetes mellitus and pregnancy. In: Danforth’s Obstetrics & Gynecology. Gibbs R, Haney A, Karlan B, Scott J (eds). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins (in press).
  42. Reece EA, Homko C: Management of pregnant women with diabetes. In: ADA’s Therapy for Diabetes Mellitus and Related Conditions. Lebovitz HE (ed). American Diabetes Association (in press).

  43. 2005

  44. Lowery CL, Reece EA: Diagnosis and treatment of preterm labor. In: Intensive Care of the Fetus and Neonate. Spitzer AR (ed), (2nd Edition). Elsevier-Mosby, Philadelphia, pp.

  45. 2006

  46. Reece EA, Vintzileos AM: First-trimester embryofetoscopy. In: The Textbook of Operative Obstetrics. Apuzzio JJ, Vintzileos AM, Iffy L (eds), (3rd Edition). The Parthenon Publishing Group Limited, a member of the Taylor & Francis Group: Lancaster, United Kingdom, pp. 33-30, 2006.
  47. Reece EA: Afterword: Looking Forward with Much Anticipation! In: Technical Reviews and Consensus Recommendations for Care on Management of Preexisting Diabetes and Pregnancy. Kitzmiller JL (ed). American Diabetes Association, Alexandria, VA, 2007.

  48. 2007

  49. Reece EA, Homko CJ: Diabetes Mellitus and Pregnancy. In: Danforth’s Obstetrics & Gynecology. Gibbs R, Haney A, Karlan B, Scott J (eds). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins (in press).