Dr. Furuno's research focuses on multiple topics related to epidemiology of infectious diseases in healthcare settings, as well as improving healthcare quality and associated patient outcomes.
His infectious disease research primarily focuses on infection control of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the clinical setting. Dr. Furuno utilizes traditional and molecular epidemiologic methods to assess risk factors and outcomes of infections caused by these bacteria and to optimize use of antimicrobial agents for the treatment of infections. He also in interested in improving methods of healthcare delivery and quality of care including reducing emergency department wait time and unplanned hospital readmission.
Dr. Furuno is also the Director of the Ph.D. track in Molecular Epidemiology. Molecular epidemiology utilizes laboratory methods to generate additional data on genetic and environmental factors to aid in the characterization of risk factors, outcomes, and casual processes. Molecular epidemiologic methods can be applied to both infectious and non-infectious diseases.
Current Grant Support:
Title: Maryland Emerging Infections Program (EIP)
Grant Type/Number: CDC-DHMH DCT 4-008133G
Funding Agency/Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Goal: Establishment and maintenance of an active sentinel surveillance site for designated infectious agents in the state of Maryland
Role: Co-Investigator (Coordinator) University of Maryland FoodNet
Title: Predicting Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria Carriage at Hospital Admission
Grant Type/Number: HSR&D VA Merit Award: IIR 04-123-2
Funding Agency: Dept. of Veterans Affairs, Health Services Research and Development
Goal: This project aims to assess the prevalence of colonization by antibiotic-resistant bacteria on hospital admission and develop a prediction rule to identify high-risk subpopulations of patients to target for active surveillance culturing.
Harris, AD, McGregor JC, Furuno JP. What Infection Control Interventions Should be Undertaken for Patients with Multi-resistant Gram-Negative Bacteria? Clin Infect Dis. (in press)
Hartley DM, Furuno JP, Wright MO, Smith DL, Perencevich EN. Epidemiological Weight in Multi-institution Epidemics of MRSA: Contrasting Prisons and Hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. (in press)
Harris AD, McGregor JC, Perencevich EN, Furuno JP, Zhu J, Peterson D, Finklestein J. The Use and Interpretation of Quasi-Experimental Studies in Medical Informatics. JAMIA (in press)
Witting MD, Furuno JP, Hirshon JM, Krugman SD, Limcangco MR, Perisse AR. Support for Emergency Department Intimate Partner Violence Screening Depends on Perceived Risk. J Interpers Violence. (in press)
Furuno JP, Metlay JP, Harnett JP, Wilson J, Langenberg P, McGregor JC, Zhu J, Perencevich EN. Population Antibiotic Susceptibility for Streptococcus pneumoniae and Treatment Outcomes in Common Respiratory Tract Infections. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. (in press)
Furuno JP, McGregor JC, Harris AD, Johnson JA, Johnson JK, Langenberg P, Venezia RA, Finkelstein J, Smith DL, Strauss SM, Perencevich EN. Identifying High-Risk Groups for Carriage of Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria. Arch Intern Med. (in press)
Furuno JP, Perencevich EN, Johnson JA, Wright MO, McGregor JC, Morris Jr. JG, Strauss SM, Roghman M, Nemoy LL, Standiford HC, Hebden JN, Harris AD. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Vancomycin-resistant Enterococci Co-colonization. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005:11(10):1539-1544.
McGregor JC, Kim PW, Perencevich EN, Bradham DD, Furuno JP, Kaye KS, Harris AD. The Utility of the Chronic Disease Score and Charlson Comorbidity Index as Comorbidity Measures for use in Epidemiologic Studies of Antibiotic-Resistant Organisms. Am J Epidemiol. 2005;161(5):483-93
Furuno JP, Harris AD, Wright MO, McGregor JC, Venezia RA, Zhu J, Perencevich EN. Simple Prediction Rules to Identify Patients with Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci Positive Clinical Culture upon Hospital Admission. Am J Infect Control. 2004;32(8):436-440.
Furuno JP, Gallicchio L, Sexton MJ. Cigarette Smoking and Low Maternal Weight Gain in Medicaid-Eligible Pregnant Women. J Women Health. 2004;13(7):770-777.
Krugman SD, Witting MD, Furuno JP, Hirshon JM, Limcangco MR, Perisse AR, Rasch EK. Perceptions of Help Resources for Victims of Intimate Partner Violence. J Interpers Violence. 2004;19(7):766-777.
Wright MO, Hebden JN, Harris AD, Shanholtz CB, Standiford HC, Furuno JP, Perencevich EN. Aggressive Control Measures for Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii and the Impact on Acquisition of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus in a Medical Intensive Care Unit. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2004;25:167-168
Smith DL, Johnson JA, Harris AD, Furuno JP, Perencevich EN, Morris JG Jr. Assessing Risks for a Pre-Emergent Pathogen: Virginiamycin Use and the Emergence of Streptogramin Resistance in Enterococcus faecium. Lancet Infect Dis. 2003;3(4):241-249.
Stine OC, Carnahan A, Singh R, Powell J, Furuno JP, Dorsey A, Silbergeld E, Williams HN, Morris JG Jr. Characterization of Microbial Communities from Coastal Waters using Microarrays. Environ Monit Assess. 2003;81(1-3):327-336.
Hirshon JM, Krugman SD, Witting MD, Furuno JP, Limcangco MR, Perisse AR, Rasch EK. Variability in Institutional Review Board Assessment of Minimal-Risk Research. Acad Emerg Med. 2002;9(12):1417-1420.