Personal HistoryElisa R. Braver, PhD, is an Adjunct Associate Professor of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine at the University of Maryland School of Medicine. She works at the National Transportation Safety Board, a federal agency dedicated to improving transportation safety across all modes. She previously was a senior scientist with the War-Related Illness and Injury Study Center at the Washington, DC VA Medical Center. In addition, she was a senior epidemiologist at the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety for many years. Dr. Braver has a strong commitment to conducting research that can be translated into effective public health programs. She also is dedicated to teaching the next generation of public health scientists and practitioners and won an award for student mentoring in 2005. Her research has spanned a variety of topics within motor vehicle safety, including a strong focus on evaluating new vehicle safety technologies, preventing deaths and injuries among teenage drivers and passengers, promoting safe mobility of older people, and reducing alcohol-impaired driving.
Research InterestsTransportation safety, including highway, aviation, marine, rail and pipelines; injury epidemiology and prevention; alcohol and drug abuse; psychiatric epidemiology; health of military veterans; improving long-term outcomes of trauma patients.
E. Braver, C. Preusser, D. Preusser, H. Baum, R. Beilock, and R. Ulmer. 1992. Long Hours and Fatigue: A Survey of Tractor-Trailer Drivers. Journal of Public Health Policy, 13, 341-366.
C. Peek, E. Braver, H. Shen, and J. Kraus. 1994. Lower Extremity Injuries from Motorcycle Crashes: A Common Cause of Preventable Injury. Journal of Trauma, 37, 358-364.
E. Braver, M. Cammisa, A. Lund, N. Early, E. Mitter, and M. Powell. 1997. Incidence of Large Truck-Passenger Vehicle Underride Crashes in the Fatal Accident Reporting System and the National Accident Sampling System. Transportation Research Record, 1595, 27-33.
E. Braver, S. Ferguson, M. Greene, and A. Lund. 1997. Reductions in Deaths in Frontal Crashes among Right Front Passengers in Vehicles Equipped with Passenger Airbags. Journal of the American Medical Association, 278, 1437-1439.
E. Braver, P. Zador, D. Thum, E. Mitter, H. Baum, and F. Vilardo. 1997. Tractor-Trailer Crashes in Indiana: A Case-Control Study of the Role of Truck Configuration. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 29, 79-96.
C. Farmer, E. Braver and E. Mitter. 1997. Two-Vehicle Side Impact Crashes: The Relationship of Vehicle and Crash Characteristics to Injury Severity. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 29, 399-406.
C. Farmer, A. Lund, R. Trempel and E. Braver. 1997. Fatal Crash Involvements of Passenger Vehicles Before and After Adding Anti-lock Brake Systems. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 29, 745-757.
S. Baker, E. Braver, L.-H. Chen, J. Pantula and D. Massie. 1998. Motor Vehicle Occupant Deaths among Hispanic and Black Children and Teenagers. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 152, 1209-1212.
E. Braver, E. Mitter, M. Cammisa, M. Powell and N. Early. 1998. A Photograph-Based Study of the Incidence of Fatal Truck Underride Crashes in Indiana. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 30, 235-243.
E. Braver, C. Preusser and R. Ulmer. 1998. How Long-Haul Motor Carriers Determine Truck Driver Work Schedules: The Role of Shipper Demands. Journal of Safety Research, 30, 193-204.
E. Braver, R. Whitfield and S. Ferguson. 1998. Seating Positions and Children's Risk of Dying in Motor Vehicle Crashes. Injury Prevention, 4, 181-187. http://injuryprevention.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/4/3/181?maxtoshow=&HITS=10&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=&author1=Braver&andorexactfulltext=and&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=0&sortspec=relevance&resourcetype=HWCIT
L.-H. Chen, S. Baker, E. Braver, and G. Li. 2000. Carrying Passengers as a Risk Factor for Crashes Fatal to 16- and 17-Year-Old Drivers. Journal of the American Medical Association, 283, 1578-1618. http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/reprint/283/12/1578
L.-H. Chen, E. Braver, S. Baker and G. Li. 2001. Potential Benefits of Restrictions on the Transport of Teenage Passengers by 16 and 17 Year Old Drivers. Injury Prevention, 7, 129-134. http://injuryprevention.bmj.com/cgi/reprint/7/2/129?maxtoshow=&HITS=10&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=&author1=Braver&andorexactfulltext=and&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=0&sortspec=relevance&resourcetype=HWCIT
Baker, E. Braver, L.-H. Chen, G. Li and A. Williams. 2002. Drinking Histories of Fatally Injured Drivers. Injury Prevention, 8, 221-226. http://injuryprevention.bmj.com/cgi/reprint/8/3/221?maxtoshow=&HITS=10&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=&author1=Braver&andorexactfulltext=and&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=0&sortspec=relevance&resourcetype=HWCIT
E. Braver, M. Solomon and D. Preusser. 2002. Toll Road Crashes of Commercial and Passenger Motor Vehicles. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 34, 293-303.
S. Lyman, S. Ferguson, E. Braver and A. Williams. 2002. Older Driver Involvements in Police-Reported Crashes and Fatal Crashes: Trends and Projections. Injury Prevention, 8, 116-120. http://injuryprevention.bmj.com/cgi/reprint/8/2/116?maxtoshow=&HITS=10&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=&author1=Braver&andorexactfulltext=and&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=0&sortspec=relevance&resourcetype=HWCIT
E. Braver. 2003. Race, Hispanic Origin and Socioeconomic Status in Relation to Motor Vehicle Occupant Death Rates and Risk Factors among Adults. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 35, 295-309.
G. Li, E. Braver and L.-H. Chen. 2003. Fragility versus Excessive Crash Involvement as Determinants of High Death Rates per Vehicle-Mile of Travel for Older Drivers. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 35, 227-235.
S. Lyman and E. Braver. 2003. Occupant Deaths in Large Truck Crashes in the United States: 25 Years of Experience. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 35, 731-739.
McCartt, E. Braver and L. Geary. 2003. Drivers' Use of Hand-Held Cell Phones Before and After New York State's Cell Phone Law. Preventive Medicine 36, 629-635.
E. Braver and R. Trempel. 2004. Are Older Drivers Actually at Higher Risk of Involvement in Collisions Resulting in Deaths or Nonfatal Injuries among their Passengers and Other Road Users? Injury Prevention, 10, 27-32. http://injuryprevention.bmj.com/cgi/reprint/10/1/27?maxtoshow=&HITS=10&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=&author1=Braver&andorexactfulltext=and&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=0&sortspec=relevance&resourcetype=HWCIT
E. Braver and S. Kyrychenko. 2004. Efficacy of Side Air Bags in Reducing Driver Deaths in Driver-Side Collisions. American Journal of Epidemiology, 159, 556-564. http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/159/6/556?maxtoshow=&HITS=10&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=1&author1=Braver+ER&andorexacttitle=and&andorexacttitleabs=and&andorexactfulltext=and&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=0&sortspec=relevance&resourcetype=HWCIT
E. Braver. 2004. Older Drivers and Motor Vehicle Crashes. Hospital Medicine, 65, 599-604.
E. Braver, S. Kyrychenko and S. Ferguson. 2005. Driver Mortality in Frontal Crashes: Comparison of Newer and Older Airbag Designs. Traffic Injury Prevention, 6, 24-30.
P. Dischinger, G. Ryb, S. Ho, E. Braver. Injury patterns and severity among hospitalized motorcyclists: a comparison of younger and older riders. Proceedings of the 50th Annual Meeting of the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine (AAAM). Oct. 15-18, 2006. Chicago, Illinois. Barrington, IL: AAAM.
S. Lawpoolsri, J. Li, and E. Braver. 2007. Do Speeding Tickets Reduce The Likelihood Of Receiving Subsequent Speeding Tickets? A Longitudinal Study of Speeding Violators in Maryland. Traffic Injury Prevention, 8(1), 26-34. http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~content=a770296364~db=all~order=page
E. Braver, J. Kufera, K. Volpini, S. Lawpoolsri, J. Joyce, M. Alexander, and P. Ellison-Potter. 2007. Persuasion and Licensure: A Randomized Controlled Intervention Trial to Increase Licensure Rates among Maryland Motorcycle Owners. Traffic Injury Prevention, 8(1), 39-46.
Links of InterestDepartment of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine
War-Related Illness and Injury Study Center of Washington, DC, Washington DC VA Medical Center
National Study Center for Trauma & EMS
Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration