M.D., 1991, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan
Intern in Medicine, 1992, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia
Resident in Anesthesiology, 1995, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland
Fellow in Trauma/Trauma Anesthesiology, 1996, R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, Baltimore, Maryland
Investigation of acetylcholine receptors following photobleaching in rat hamstring muscles.