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Larry W Forrester
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Larry W Forrester Ph.D.

Academic Title: Associate Professor
Primary Appointment: Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science
Secondary Appointments: Neurology
Location: AHB 240H
Phone: 410.706.5212
Fax: 410.706.6387
Lab: AHB Rm 102 (6-0856), VA Lab 410.605.7000 x4321

Personal History:

Larry W. Forrester, PhD, is a Research Associate Professor in the Departments of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science and Neurology as well as a Research Fellow in Geriatric Rehabilitation, specializing in Motor Control. Dr. Forrester also serves as the Department's Research Lab Director. Dr. Forrester's teaching experience includes courses in motor learning and control, motor development, a seminar in neurological physical therapy, and numerous laboratory sections in biomechanics and motor behavior.

Research Interests:

Dr. Forrester's current research focuses on the use of transcranial magnetic stimulation and functional magnetic resonance imaging to assess CNS plasticity in chronic stroke patients who undergo treadmill training. This work is aligned with his interests in gait biomechanics and the neuromuscular mechanisms of interlimb coordination. He is also funded through VA Rehabilitation Research and Development to investigate the development modular lower extremity robotic units, in collaboration with MIT, for use with stroke patients during task-oriented treadmill training.


Luft, AR, McCombe-Waller, S, Forrester, LW, Smith, GV, Whitall, J, Macko, RF, Schulz, JB, & Hanley, DF. (2004). Lesion location alters brain activation in chronically impaired stroke survivors. Neuroimage, 21, 924-935.

Harris-Love, M, Macko, RF, & Whitall, J., & Forrester, LW. (2004). Comparison of quadriceps and hamstrings EMG during overground vs. treadmill walking in chronic stroke patients. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair 18, 154-160.

Luft, A.R., McCombe-Waller, S., Whitall, J., Forrester, L.W., Macko, R.F., Sorkin, J.D., Schultz, J.B., Goldberg, A.G., & Hanley, D.F. (2004). Repetitive bilateral arm training and motor cortex activation in chronic stroke. JAMA 292, 1853-1861.

Haeuber, E, Shaughnessy, M, Forrester, LW, Coleman, KL, Macko, RF. (2004) Microprocessor-Linked Accelerometer Monitoring of Home and Community Based Ambulatory Activity after Stroke. Arch. Phys Med & Rehab 85:1997-2001.

Luft, A.R., Forrester, L., Macko, R.F., McCombe-Waller, S., Whitall, J., Villagra, F., Hanley, D.F. (2005). Brain activation of lower extremity movement in chronically impaired stroke survivors. Neuroimage, 26, 184-194.

Macko, R.F., Ivey, F. M., Forrester, L.W. (2005). Task-Oriented Aerobic Exercise in Chronic Hemiparetic Stroke: Training Protocols and Treatment Effects. Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation 12; 1: 45-57.

Macko, RF, Ivey, F., Forrester, L.W., Hanley, DF, Sorkin, J.D., Katzel, L. I., Silver, KH, Goldberg, A.P. (2005).Treadmill Training Improves Fitness and Ambulatory Function in Chronic Stroke Patients. Stroke 36: 2206-2211.

Liu, W, Forrester, LW, & Whitall, J. (2006). A Note on Time-frequency Analysis of Finger Tapping. Journal of Motor Behavior, 38 (1): 18-28.

Forrester, LW, Hanley, DF, Macko RF. (2006). Effects of treadmill training on TMS-induced excitability to quadriceps after stroke. Arch. Phys Med & Rehab., Feb; 87 (2): 229-234.

Mizelle C, Rodgers M, Forrester L. Bilateral foot center of pressure measures predict hemiparetic gait velocity. (2006) Gait Posture ; 24(3):356-63.

Patterson SL, Forrester LW, Rodgers MM, Ryan AS, Ivey FM, Sorkin JD, Macko RF. (2007). Determinants of walking function after stroke: Differences by deficit severity. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. Jan; 88(1):115-119.

Wheaton LA, Mizelle, C, Forrester LW, Bai O, Shibasaki H, Macko RF. (2007). How does the brain respond to unimodal and bimodal sensory demand in movement of lower extremity? Exp. Brain Res  180: 345-354. 
Wheaton LA, Carpenter M, Mizelle JC, Forrester LW (In Press). Preparatory Band Specific Premotor Cortical Activity Differentiates of Upper and Lower Extremity Movement. Exp Brain Res. 184: 121-126.

Patterson SL, Rodgers MM, Macko RF, Forrester LW. (Accepted). Effect of treadmill exercise training on spatial and temporal gait parameters in individuals with chronic stroke. JRRD.