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Vahe  A. Kazandjian

Vahe A. Kazandjian Ph.D.

Academic Title: Adjunct Associate Professor
Primary Appointment: Epidemiology & Public Health
Additional Title(s): President, Center for Performance Sciences; Adjunct Professor, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; Senior Vice President, Maryland Hospital Association
Phone: (410) 379-6200
Fax: (410) 379-9558

Personal History:

Dr. Kazandjian is the President of the Maryland-based outcomes research center, The Center for Performance Sciences (CPS). Among the activities of CPS is the development of quality measurement and evaluation strategies in The Americas, Europe, and Asia.

Vahe Kazandjian is also the Senior Vice President for The Maryland Hospital Association (MHA). Among his research and policy responsibilities is the Quality Indicator Projectïf', the largest national and international effort to measure and compare indicators of hospital performance. More than 1,000 hospitals in the United States, Austria, Germany, England, Ireland, Italy, Portugal, Switzerland, Singapore, Japan, China, and Taiwan participate in CPS projects.

In, 2002, Dr. Kazandjian was named President of LogicQual Research Institute, Inc., a not-for-profit organization dedicated to conducting research on clinical practice and accountability. In 2004, LogicQual Research Institute was designated as Maryland's new Maryland Patient Safety Center (MPSC). Dr. Kazandjian serves as the co-chair of the MPSC Advisory Board.

In 2005, Dr. Kazandjian became the Principal Investigator for a quality-based reimbursement initiative by Maryland's Health Services Cost Review Commission (HSCRC). The goal of the initiative is to factor health care organizations' performance profiles into the reimbursement they receive.

An epidemiologist by training, Dr. Kazandjian has conducted research and lectured in Europe, the former Soviet Union, Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan, India, South America, Lebanon, Africa, and the Persian Gulf. He has presented at more than 400 conferences in the United States, Latin America, Europe, Asia and Canada on quality of care improvement. His research also includes a domestic violence project in Maryland, and an ongoing statewide project in Maryland on medication errors and patient safety. Dr. Kazandjian, through a Gubernatorial appointment, served as the Chair of the Technical Work Group on Caesarean Sections of the Maryland Health Care Access and Cost Commission.

He has published extensively in clinical and health services peer review journals and books (more than 70 articles and chapters) on the development of clinical protocols, indicators of quality, small area variation analysis, and longitudinal epidemiological studies. He is the author of a best-selling book (1995-1999), "The Epidemiology of Quality," by Aspen and the author of a 1997 book on CQI applications in international health care, "The Effectiveness of CQI Health Care: Stories from a Global Perspective," by the American Society on Quality (ASQ) Press. His third book, "Healthcare Performance Measurement: Systems Design and Evaluation," was published in 1999, also by ASQ Quality Press. His most recent book title "Accountability Through Measurement; A Global Healthcare Imperative" was published in November 2002 by ASQ Quality Press. His work has been translated into Spanish, German and Italian.

Dr. Kazandjian is Adjunct Professor at The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore; Adjunct Professor of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, The Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland; and Adjunct Associate Professor of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, the University of Maryland, Baltimore.

Dr. Kazandjian twice received a "Governor's Citation," in 1997 and 1999, for his work on clinical protocol development in Maryland.

Since 2002, he has served as an advisory to the World Health Organization (WHO) to assist in the "Hospital performance assessment" project in European countries.

He is also a published poet and novelist and author of five books on the Middle East and international travel. His poetry has been featured on National Public Radio and in literary anthologies and medical journals such as the LANCET and The British Medical Journal.

He received his B.Sc. and M.P.H. degrees from the American University of Beirut, Lebanon, and the Ph.D. from The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Department of Medical Care Organization and Policy, School of Public Health. Prof. Avedis Donabedian was the co-chairman of his dissertation committee.

Research Interests:

Bringing academic discoveries to national and international field trials. Primary focus on the development of clinical and organizational evidence-based approaches to measuring, evaluating, and improving quality of care.

Clinical Speciality:



Selected Publications

Kazandjian VA, Wicker KG, Matthes N, Ogunbo S. Safety is part of quality: A proposal for a continuum in performance measurement. J Eval Clin Pract. Accepted for publication.

Kazandjian VA, Chaulk CP, Ogunbo S, Wicker KG. Does a Cesarean section delivery always cost more than a vaginal delivery?. J Eval Clin Pract. February 2007;13(1).

Vallejo P, Saura R, Sunol R, Kazandjian V, Urena V, Mauri J. A proposed adaptation of the EFQM fundamental concepts of excellence to health care based on the PATH framework. Int J Qual Health Care. 2006;18(5):327-335.

Veillard J, Champagne F, Klazinga NS, Kazandjian VA, Arah OA and Guisset A. A Performance Assessment Framework for Hospitals; The WHO Regional Office for Europe PATH Project. Int J Qual Health Care. To be published in December 2005;17(6).

Kazandjian VA, Wicker K, Ogunbo S, Silverman N. Understanding Safer Practices in Health Care: A Prologue for the Role of Indicators. J Eval Clin Pract. April 2005;11(2):161-170.

Chaulk CP, Kazandjian VA. Moving Beyond Randomized Controlled Trials (Letter). AJPH. Sept 2004;94(9):4.

Kazandjian VA, Vallejo P. La evaluacion local de calidad mediante instrumentos de medida genericos. Gac Sanit. May 2004;18(3):225-234.

Kazandjian VA. "Accountability Through Measurement: A Global Healthcare Imperative." Milwaukee, Wisconsin: ASQ Quality Press; November 2002, 6x9 hardcover, 354 pages.

Kazandjian, VA and Lied, T. "Healthcare Performance Measurement: Systems Design and Evaluation." ASQC Quality Press. March 1999, 6x9 hardcover, 200 pages.

Kazandjian, VA. "The Effectiveness of CQI in Health Care: Stories from a Global Perspective." Kazandjian, V.A. (Ed.), ASQC Quality Press. June 1997, 6x9 hardcover, 288 pages.

Kazandjian, VA. "The Epidemiology of Quality." Kazandjian, V.A., Aspen Publishers, Inc. May 1995, 6x9 hardcover, 336 pages. (1996 Best Sellers List)