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Ann L. Gruber-Baldini

Ann L. Gruber-Baldini Ph.D.

Academic Title: Professor
Primary Appointment: Epidemiology & Public Health
Additional Title(s): Director of Statistical and Data Analysis Group, Division of Gerontology
Location: Howard Hall, 213
Phone: (410) 706-2444
Phone: (410) 706-4433

Personal History:

* Post-doctoral Fellow - University of Michigan, Institute of Gerontology, 1991-1993
* Ph.D. - Pennsylvania State University, Human Development & Family Studies, 1989-1991
* M.S. - Pennsylvania State University, Human Development & Family Studies, 1985-1989
* B.A. - Bucknell University, Psychology & Sociology, 1981-1985

Research Interests:

Dr. Gruber-Baldini’s research interests are in gerontology, cognitive functioning and the impact of chronic conditions on functioning. She has worked on projects examining functioning in both community-dwelling and institutionalized elderly. Her research has examined the impact of chronic disease on physical and cognitive outcomes. Both her doctoral (on the Seattle Longitudinal Study) and postdoctoral (on the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging) research has involved longitudinal studies that examined the influence of chronic disease conditions on cognitive and physical functioning over time. She has worked as a co-investigator and senior data analyst for many longitudinal studies, including the Baltimore Hip Studies, the University of Maryland Long-Term Care Project, and the Collaborative Studies of Long-term Care. Dr. Gruber-Baldini also collaborates with the University of Maryland Parkinson’s Disease and Movement Disorders Center, looking at the longitudinal impact of PD and related conditions on functioning and quality of life.

Dr. Gruber-Baldini is currently investigating the interaction of cognition (including dementia and delirium) and health in both hospitals and long-term care settings. She was awarded a Task Order to study treatment and outcomes of dementia by AHRQ as part of the DEcIDE (Developing Evidence to Inform Decisions about Effectiveness) Network.

She has been the Principal Investigator of a pilot study that examined the cognitive functioning of hip fracture patients in the hospital using neuropsychological measures. She currently is the PI of a NHLBI-funded grant to look at delirium outcomes in an ongoing study of blood transfusion protocols in hip fractures (FOCUS). She is also working on issues related to health outcomes of nursing home and assisted living residents with dementia and on potential interventions for persons with dementia after hip fracture.

Dr. Gruber-Baldini serves as the Director of the Statistical Analyses and Data Management Group within the Division of Gerontology. She has extensive experience in SAS, STATA, and SPSS analyses packages and in the data management of longitudinal studies. She is chair of the DEPM computer committee. In addition, she is heavily involved in the Gerontology Doctoral Program, where she serves as chair of the comprehensive examination committee and teaches a core course on Psychology of Aging.


Selected Publications

Gruber-Baldini, A.L., Zimmerman, S.I., Mortimore, E. & Magaziner, J. (2000). The validity of the Minimum Data Set in measuring the cognitive impairment of persons admitted to nursing homes. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 48(12): 1601-1606. PMID: 11129749.

Gruber-Baldini, A.L., Zimmerman, S., Morrison, R.S., Grattan, L.M., Dolan, M., Hebel, J.R., Hawkes, W., & Magaziner, J. (2003). Cognitive impairment in hip fracture patients: Timing of detection and longitudinal follow-up. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 51(9): 1227-1236. PMID: 12919234.

Gruber-Baldini, A.L., Boustani, M., Sloane, P.D., & Zimmerman, S. (2004). Behavioral symptoms in Residential Care/Assisted Living (RC/AL) facilities: Prevalence, risk factors, and medication management. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 52(10): 1610-7. PMID: 15450035.

Gruber-Baldini, A.L., Zimmerman, S., Boustani, M., Watson, L., Williams, C.S., & Reed, P.S. (2005). Characteristics associated with depression in long-term care residents with dementia. The Gerontologist, 45 Suppl 1:50-55. PMID: 16230749.

Gruber-Baldini, A.L., Stuart, B., Zuckerman, I., Simoni-Wastila, L., & Miller, R. (2007). Treatment of Dementia in Community-Dwelling and Institutionalized Medicare Beneficiaries. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 55(10), 1508-1516. PMID: 17727648.

Rich, S.S., & Gruber-Baldini, A.L. (2009) Differences in Services Provided by Hospices based on Home Health Affiliation Status. Medical Care, 47(1), 9-14. PMID: 19106725

Gruber-Baldini, A.L., Day, H., & Magaziner, J. (2009). Epidemiology of Psychiatric Conditions in Nursing Homes. In: W. E. Reichman & P. R. Katz (Eds.), Psychiatry in Long-Term Care, 2nd edition (pp. 3-16). NY: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-516094-9.

Gruber-Baldini, A.L., Ye, J., Andersen, K., & Shulman, L. (2009). Effects of Optimism/Pessimism and Locus of Control on Disability and Quality of Life in Parkinson's Disease. Parkinsonism and Related Disorders, 15, 665-669 PMID: 19362510.

Gruber-Baldini, A.L., Stuart, S., Zuckerman, I., Hsu, V.D., Boockvar, K.S., Zimmerman, S., Kittner, S., Quinn, C., Hebel, J.R., May, C. & Magaziner, J. (2009). Sensitivity of nursing home cost comparisons to method of dementia diagnosis ascertainment. Accessible at: Int J Alzheimers Dis. 2009 Sep 22;2009:780720.PMID:20526431

Shulman, L.M., Gruber-Baldini, A.L., Anderson, K.E., Fishman, P.S., Reich, S.G., & Weiner, W.J. (2010) .The clinically important difference on the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale? Archives of Neurology, 67(1), 64-70. PMID: 20065131.

Gruber-Baldini AL, Resnick B, Hebel JR, Galik E, Zimmerman S. Adverse Events Associated With the Res-Care Intervention. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2010 Sep 30. [Epub ahead of print]PMID:21450187

Hemming JP, Gruber-Baldini AL, Anderson KE, Fishman PS, Reich SG, Weiner WJ, Shulman LM.Racial and socioeconomic disparities in parkinsonism. Arch Neurol. 2011 Apr;68(4):498-503. PMID: 21149802