- 1983 - BA, Biology, Lycoming College
- 1987 - MD, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine
- 1995 - Executive Medical-Business Graduate Certificate, Johns Hopkins University Schools of Medicine and Continuing Studies
- 2000 - MBA, Johns Hopkins University Division of Business and Management
- 1987-1988 - House Officer, Lancaster General Hospital
- 1988-1991 - Resident, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
- 1990-1991 - Fellow, Vascular, Thoracic, and Transplant Anesthesiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
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