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Leonard A Sowah

Leonard A Sowah M.B.,Ch.B., M.P.H.

Academic Title: Assistant Professor
Primary Appointment: Medicine
Location: Professional Building-UMMC Midtown Campus, 106
Phone: 410-225-8854
Phone: 410-225-8369
Fax: 443-552-2685
Cell: 410-232-01-5 (pager)

Personal History:

Dr. Sowah received his medical education at the University of Ghana Medical School in Accra Ghana. As a student he was usually seen with like-minded individuals volunteering his time taking care of the under-served. He left Ghana in 2001 to study public health at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, where he completed the MPH degree. After his MPH Degree he had the opportunity of doing his residency in internal medicine at the Cook County Hospital in Chicago, IL. In Cook County, Leonard learned and experienced the rudiments of providing quality health care to a largely uninsured and under-insured population. This experience sparked in him a fire that drove him to take an interest in Health Care Policy.

Dr. Sowah is an active member of the American College of Physicians and is very active in efforts by the College to advocate for legislation to improve the health care environment to the benefit of physicians and their patients. He is currently a member of the Baltimore HIV Planning Council, where he provides valuable assistance in deciding how Ryan White Dollars are applied to help control the HIV epidemic in Baltimore. Dr. Sowah believes equity is an indispensible ingredient in providing quality health care and as a clinical preceptor works passionately to instill that belief in all his students. He was recently recognized by his students when he received the Alpha Omega Alpha, Volunteer Faculty Award. Dr. Sowah's research interest is in the influence of social and cultural environments on health outcomes. He is currently working to initiate a anal cancer screening program for HIV positive patients within the UMMS clinics. Dr. Sowah has presented his work at various national and international meetings.

Research Interests:

Anal cancer prevention among HIV patients, Social and Community Determinants of Health Outcomes

Clinical Speciality:

  • Internal Medicine
  • HIV Medicine



Sowah LA*, Brahmer JR, Alberg A, Xu L, Hooker C, Yung RC, Rudin CM, Colvin LB, Ettinger DS, Brock, MV# Census Tract Level Socioeconomic Factors as a Determinant of Survival in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (Lung Cancer 46 Supplement 1, Oct. 2004)

Theodore P*, Hooker C, Syphard E, Sowah LA, Forastiere A, Montgomery E, Mason D, Herman J, Yang S, Brock MV#. Esophageal Adenocarcinoma in African Americans: A Clinicopathological Variant of Esophageal Cancer? 84th Annual Meeting, American Association of Thoracic Surgery, April 2004, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Sowah LA*, Turrene F, Delva G , Mesidor N, Dessaigne C ,Jean-Jacques, Previl H, Patel D, Amoroso A , Redfield. R. An Evaluation of Distance and its Impact on Long-term Follow up Outcomes in a Rural HIV Clinic in Northern Haiti. The 14 Annual Institute of Human Virology international Meeting, October 14 -17th 2012, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

Sowah LA*, Buchwald UK, Riedel DJ, Gilliam BL, Khambaty M, Fantry LE, Spencer DE, Taylor G, Vardjan K, Amoroso A, Redfield RR. Anal cancer screening in an urban HIV Clinic- Physician perceptions and practice. American Association of Cancer Research, New Horizons in Cancer Research: Harnessing Breakthroughs â?" Targeting Cures, October 10th, 2014, Shanghai, China

Journal Articles

Sowah LA*, Rock AN, Amoroso A. Non-targeted HIV Screening in Emergency Departments. Archives of Internal Medicine. 2012; 172:522

Sowah LA*, Busse S, Amoroso A. HIV, Tobacco use and Poverty - A potential cause of Disparities in Health status by Race and Socio-economic status. Journal of Health for the Poor and Underserved. 2013; (accepted for publication 1/18/2013)

Sowah LA*, Turrene F, Buchwald U, Delva G, Mesidor N, Previl H, Dessaigne C, Patel D, Edozien A, Redfield RR, Amoroso A. Influence of transportation cost on long-term retention in clinic for HIV patients in rural Haiti. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. (August 28th, 2014 - published early online ahead of print)

Book Chapters

Cox E, Sowah LA, (2013). Chapter 38. Sexually Transmitted Diseases. In Wright WF, (Ed) Essentials of Clinical Infectious Diseases. 1st ed. New York, Demos Medical Publishing, 2013.

Husson J, Sowah LA, (2013). Chapter 40. Obstetric and Gynecology-Related Infections. In Wright WF, (Ed) Essentials of Clinical Infectious Diseases. 1st ed. New York, Demos Medical Publishing; 2013.