Books and Chapters
W. Lu, L. Santanam, C. Noel, P. J. Parikh, and D. A. Low, “Four-Dimensional Treatment,” in Quality and safety in radiotherapy, edited by T. Pawlicki, P. B. Dunscombe, A. J. Mundt et al. CRC Press/Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, FL, (2011).
D. A. Low, W. Lu, J. A. Purdy, C. A. Perez, S. H. Levitt, “Chapter 10. Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy” in Technological Basis of Radiation Therapy, [edited by] S.H. Levitt, J.A. Purdy, C.A. Perez. 4th ed. Springer. New York, NY, (2006).
S. Kupongsak, J. Tan, I. Hatem, W. Lu, B. Guthrie, and M. Tanoff, "Set point determination from sensory evaluations for food process control," Journal of Food Process Engineering. 27, 87-102 (2004).
W. Lu and J. Tan, "Analysis of image-based measurements and USDA characteristics as predictors of beef lean yield," Meat Science. 66, 483-491 (2004).
W. Lu and J. Tan, "Grain pattern characterization and classification of walnut by image processing," Wood and Fiber Science. 36, 311-318 (2004).
D. A. Low, P. J. Parikh, W. Lu, J. F. Dempsey, S. H. Wahab, J. P. Hubenschmidt, M. M. Nystrom, M. Handoko, and J. D. Bradley, "Novel breathing motion model for radiotherapy," Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 63, 921-929 (2005).
W. Lu, D. A. Low, P. J. Parikh, M. M. Nystrom, I. M. El Naqa, S. H. Wahab, M. Handoko, D. Fooshee, and J. D. Bradley, "Comparison of spirometry and abdominal height as four-dimensional computed tomography metrics in lung," Med Phys. 32, 2351-2357 (2005).
W. Lu, P. J. Parikh, I. M. El Naqa, M. M. Nystrom, J. P. Hubenschmidt, S. H. Wahab, S. Mutic, A. K. Singh, G. E. Christensen, J. D. Bradley, and D. A. Low, "Quantitation of the reconstruction quality of a four-dimensional computed tomography process for lung cancer patients," Med Phys. 32, 890-901 (2005).
W. Lu, P. J. Parikh, J. P. Hubenschmidt, D. G. Politte, B. R. Whiting, J. D. Bradley, S. Mutic, and D. A. Low, "Reduction of motion blurring artifacts using respiratory gated CT in sinogram space: a quantitative evaluation," Med Phys. 32, 3295-3304 (2005).
W. Lu, J. Tan, and R. Floyd, "Automated fetal head detection and measurement in ultrasound images by iterative randomized Hough transform," Ultrasound Med Biol. 31, 929-936 (2005).
J. D. Bradley, A. N. Nofal, I. M. El Naqa, W. Lu, J. Liu, J. Hubenschmidt, D. A. Low, R. E. Drzymala, and D. Khullar, "Comparison of helical, maximum intensity projection (MIP), and averaged intensity (AI) 4D CT imaging for stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) planning in lung cancer," Radiother Oncol. 81, 264-268 (2006).
H. Handels, R. Werner, T. Frenzel, D. Saring, W. Lu, D. Low, and J. Ehrhardt, "Generation of 4D CT image data and analysis of lung tumour mobility during the breathing cycle," Stud Health Technol Inform. 124, 977-982 (2006).
W. Lu, M. M. Nystrom, P. J. Parikh, D. R. Fooshee, J. P. Hubenschmidt, J. D. Bradley, and D. A. Low, "A semi-automatic method for peak and valley detection in free-breathing respiratory waveforms," Med Phys. 33, 3634-3636 (2006).
W. Lu, P. J. Parikh, J. P. Hubenschmidt, J. D. Bradley, and D. A. Low, "A comparison between amplitude sorting and phase-angle sorting using external respiratory measurement for 4D CT," Med Phys. 33, 2964-2974 (2006).
G. E. Christensen, J. H. Song, W. Lu, I. El Naqa, and D. A. Low, "Tracking lung tissue motion and expansion/compression with inverse consistent image registration and spirometry," Med Phys. 34, 2155-2163 (2007).
E. D. Donnelly, P. J. Parikh, W. Lu, T. Zhao, K. Lechleiter, M. Nystrom, J. P. Hubenschmidt, D. A. Low, and J. D. Bradley, "Assessment of intrafraction mediastinal and hilar lymph node movement and comparison to lung tumor motion using four-dimensional CT," Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 69, 580-588 (2007). 2149909
J. Ehrhardt, R. Werner, D. Saring, T. Frenzel, W. Lu, D. Low, and H. Handels, "An optical flow based method for improved reconstruction of 4D CT data sets acquired during free breathing," Med Phys. 34, 711-721 (2007).
H. Handels, R. Werner, R. Schmidt, T. Frenzel, W. Lu, D. Low, and J. Ehrhardt, "4D medical image computing and visualization of lung tumor mobility in spatio-temporal CT image data," Int J Med Inform. (2007).
R. Werner, H. Handels, J. Ehrhardt, D. Saring, T. Frenzel, W. Lu, and D. Low, "Motion artifact reducing reconstruction of 4D CT image data for the analysis of respiratory dynamics," Methods Inf Med. 46, 254-260 (2007).
H. Li, W. L. Thorstad, K. J. Biehl, R. Laforest, Y. Su, K. I. Shoghi, E. D. Donnelly, D. A. Low, and W. Lu, "A novel PET tumor delineation method based on adaptive region-growing and dual-front active contours," Med Phys. 35, 3711-3721 (2008).
W. Lu and J. Tan, "Detection of incomplete ellipse in images with strong noise by iterative randomized Hough transform (IRHT)," Pattern Recognition. 41, 1268-1279 (2008).
W. Lu, J. Tan, K. Zhang, and B. Lei, "Computerized mouse pupil size measurement for pupillary light reflex analysis," Comput Methods Programs Biomed. 90, 202-209 (2008).
J. R. Olsen, W. Lu, J. P. Hubenschmidt, M. M. Nystrom, P. Klahr, J. D. Bradley, D. A. Low, and P. J. Parikh, "Effect of novel amplitude/phase binning algorithm on commercial four-dimensional computed tomography quality," Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 70, 243-252 (2008). 2702992
D. Yang, W. Lu, D. A. Low, J. O. Deasy, A. J. Hope, and I. El Naqa, "4D-CT motion estimation using deformable image registration and 5D respiratory motion modeling," Med Phys. 35, 4577-4590 (2008). 2673589
S. R. Chaudhari, S. M. Goddu, D. Rangaraj, O. L. Pechenaya, W. Lu, E. Kintzel, K. Malinowski, P. J. Parikh, J. D. Bradley, and D. A. Low, "Dosimetric variances anticipated from breathing- induced tumor motion during tomotherapy treatment delivery," Phys Med Biol. 54, 2541-2555 (2009).
G. Li, N. C. Arora, H. Xie, H. Ning, W. Lu, D. Low, D. Citrin, A. Kaushal, L. Zach, K. Camphausen, and R. W. Miller, "Quantitative prediction of respiratory tidal volume based on the external torso volume change: a potential volumetric surrogate," Physics in Medicine and Biology. 54, 1963-1978 (2009).
G. Li, H. Xie, H. Ning, W. Lu, D. Low, D. Citrin, A. Kaushal, L. Zach, K. Camphausen, and R. W. Miller, "A novel analytical approach to the prediction of respiratory diaphragm motion based on external torso volume change," Phys Med Biol. 54, 4113-4130 (2009).
T. Zhao, W. Lu, D. Yang, S. Mutic, C. E. Noel, P. J. Parikh, J. D. Bradley, and D. A. Low, "Characterization of free breathing patterns with 5D lung motion model," Med Phys. 36, 5183-5189 (2009). 2774350
D. A. Low, T. Zhao, B. White, D. Yang, S. Mutic, C. E. Noel, J. D. Bradley, P. J. Parikh, and W. Lu, "Application of the continuity equation to a breathing motion model," Med Phys. 37, 1360-1364 (2010). 2847940
R. Werner, B. White, H. Handels, W. Lu, and D. A. Low, "Technical note: development of a tidal volume surrogate that replaces spirometry for physiological breathing monitoring in 4D CT," Med Phys. 37, 615-619 (2010). 2816987
D. Yang, S. M. Goddu, W. Lu, O. L. Pechenaya, Y. Wu, J. O. Deasy, I. El Naqa, and D. A. Low, "Technical note: deformable image registration on partially matched images for radiotherapy applications," Med Phys. 37, 141-145 (2010).
B. M. White, D. A. Low, T. Zhao, S. Wuenschel, W. Lu, J. M. Lamb, S. Mutic, J. D. Bradley, and I. El Naqa, "Investigation of a breathing surrogate prediction algorithm for prospective pulmonary gating," Med Phys. 38, 1587-1595 (2011). 3060936
T. Zhao, B. White, K. L. Moore, J. Lamb, D. Yang, W. Lu, S. Mutic, and D. A. Low, "Biomechanical interpretation of a free-breathing lung motion model," Phys Med Biol. 56, 7523-7540 (2011).
T. J. Macvittie, A. Bennett, C. Booth, M. Garofalo, G. Tudor, A. Ward, T. Shea-Donohue, D. Gelfond, E. McFarland, W. Jackson, W. Lu, and A. M. Farese, "The Prolonged Gastrointestinal Syndrome in Rhesus Macaques: The Relationship Between Gastrointestinal, Hematopoietic, and Delayed Multi-organ Sequelae Following Acute, Potentially Lethal, Partial-body Irradiation," Health Phys. 103, 427-453 (2012).
S. Richardson, J. Garcia-Ramirez, W. Lu, R. J. Myerson, and P. Parikh, "Design and dosimetric characteristics of a new endocavitary contact radiotherapy system using an electronic brachytherapy source," Med Phys. 39, 6838-6846 (2012).
S. Tan, S. Kligerman, W. Chen, M. Lu, G. Kim, S. Feigenberg, W. D. D'Souza, M. Suntharalingam, and W. Lu, "Spatial-temporal [(1)(8)F]FDG-PET features for predicting pathologic response of esophageal cancer to neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy," Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 85, 1375-1382 (2013). 3606641
S. Tan, H. Zhang, Y. Zhang, W. Chen, W. D. D'Souza, and W. Lu, "Predicting pathologic tumor response to chemoradiotherapy with histogram distances characterizing longitudinal changes in (18)F-FDG uptake patterns," Med Phys. 40, 101707 (2013). 3785537
M. Xue, H. Zhang, S. Kligerman, P. Klahr, W. D'Souza, and W. Lu, "Individually optimized uniform contrast enhancement in CT angiography for the diagnosis of pulmonary thromboembolic disease-A simulation study," Med Phys. 40, 121906 (2013).
A. M. Kazi, T. J. Macvittie, G. Lasio, W. Lu, and K. L. Prado, "The MCART Radiation Physics Core: The Quest for Radiation Dosimetry Standardization," Health Phys. 106, 97-105 (2014).
W. Lu, G. A. Neuner, R. George, Z. Wang, S. Sasor, X. Huang, W. F. Regine, S. J. Feigenberg, and W. D. D'Souza, "Audio-Visual Biofeedback Does Not Improve the Reliability of Target Delineation Using Maximum Intensity Projection in 4-Dimensional Computed Tomography Radiation Therapy Planning," Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 88, 229-235 (2014).
H. Zhang, S. Tan, W. Chen, S. Kligerman, G. Kim, W. D. D'Souza, M. Suntharalingam, and W. Lu, "Modeling Pathologic Response of Esophageal Cancer to Chemoradiation Therapy Using Spatial-Temporal (18)F-FDG PET Features, Clinical Parameters, and Demographics," Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 88, 195-203 (2014).
A. Reese, W. Lu, and W.F. Regine. “Utilization of IMRT and IGRT in pancreatic cancer: Is It necessary?”. Sem. Radiat Oncol. (In Press).