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Lixing  Lao
 

Lixing Lao Ph.D.

Academic Title: Adjunct Professor
Primary Appointment: Family & Community Medicine
llao@compmed.umm.edu
Location: 520 W. Lombard Street, East Hall, Baltimore, MD 21201
Phone: (410) 706-6187 (academic office)
Phone: (410) 448-6361 (patient appointments)
Fax: (410) 706-6210 (academic office); (410) 448-1873 (clinic/patient care)

Personal History:

Lixing Lao is a senior researcher with The Center for Integrative Medicine and directs the center's research program in Traditional Chinese Medicine. He is principal investigator and co-investigator on a number of clinical trials and pre-clinical studies in acupuncture funded by the NIH and Department of Defense. Widely recognized for his unique contributions to acupuncture research methodology, specifically in the area of placebo controls, he publishes and lectures extensively in this field.

Dr. Lao was trained at the Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine and has a Ph.D. in physiology from the Universityof Maryland. An experienced clinician, Dr. Lao practices acupuncture and Traditional Chinese Medicine, including Tui Na and herbal medicine.

Positions and Employment

  • 1983-1986: Teaching Faculty, Department of Acupuncture, Shanghai College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, P.R.China.
  • 1988-1992: Graduate Research Assistant, Department of Physiology, Dental School, Univ. of Maryland at Baltimore.
  • 1988- present: Maryland State Registered/Licensed Acupuncturist, University of Maryland Kernan Hospital.
  • 1990-2002: Professor of Acupuncture, Maryland Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Bethesda.
  • 1992-1994: Research Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Maryland at Baltimore.
  • 1994-2000: Assistant Professor, Dept, of Family Med., Complementary Medicine Program, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore.
  • 1994-2001: Clinic Director and Chair, Department Clinical Training, Maryland Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Bethesda.
  • 2000-2007: Associate Professor, Complementary Medicine Program/Center for Integrative Medicine, Dept. of Family Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD.
  • 2000-Present: Director, Traditional Chinese Medicine Research Program, Center for Integrative Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore
  • 2002-Present: Guest Professor, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, P.R. China.
  • 2007-present: Professor, Complementary Medicine Program/Center for Integrative Medicine, Dept. of Family Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD.

Other Experience and Professional Memberships

  • 1990-2001: Board Member, Board of Directors, Maryland Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine
  • 1990-present: Diplomate in Acupuncture, National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (NCCAOM)
  • 1994-1999: Member, State of Maryland Board of Acupuncture. (Appointed by State Governor)
  • 1995-present: Member, Advisory Board; the Journal of Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
  • 1998-present: Board Member, Society for Acupuncture Research (SAR)
  • 1998-present: Diplomate in Chinese Herbology, NCCAOM
  • 1999-present: Member, Society for Neuroscience
  • 1999- 2004: Member, Editorial Advisory Board; the Journal of Clinical Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine.
  • 2001-2005: Member of PDQ Cancer CAM Editorial Board, National Cancer Institute (NCI), NIH
  • 2003-present: Editorial Board Member, the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine
  • 2005-present: Diplomate in Oriental Medicine, NCCAOM
  • 2003-present: Co-President, Society for Acupuncture Research (SAR)

Honors

  • 1981-1982: First Prize Scholarshio, Shanghai Bureau of Higher Education, Shanghai, P. R. China
  • 2003: Award for outstanding contribution in TCM, by Chinese TCM Association, Beijing, China
  • 2004: ward for outstanding service to the acupuncture and Oriental medicine profession in the field of research and to the community at-large, AOM Alliance. Los Angeles, CA
  • 2005: Award of the Year, Building Bridges of Integration for TCM, East Rutherford, New Jersey

Publications:

Selected peer-reviewed publications (in chronological order)

Franklin R.B., Lao L., Costello L.C. Evidence for two aspartate transport systems in prostate epithelial cells. The Prostate 1990:16(2):137-45

Costello L.C., Lao L., Franklin R. Citrate modulation of high-affinity aspartate transport in prostate epithelial cells. Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 1993 Jul;39(5):515-24. Erratum in: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) 1993 Sep;39(6):701

Lao L., Franklin, R.B., Costello, L.C. A high-affinity L-aspartate transporter in prostate epithelial cells that is regulated by Testosterone. The Prostate 1993:22:53-63

Lao L., Bergman, S., Anderson, R., Langenberg, P., Wong, R.H., and Berman, B. The effect of acupuncture on post-operative oral surgery pain: A pilot study. Acupuncture in Medicine 1994:12(1): 13-17

Berman, B., Singh, B.K., Lao, L., Singh, B., Ferentz, K., Hartnoll, S. Primary care physicians’ attitudes towards complementary medicine. J. American Board of Family Physicians 1995:8(5): 361-366

Berman, B., Lao, L., Greene, M., Anderson, R., Wong, R., Langenberg, P., Hochberg, M. Efficacy of traditional Chinese acupuncture in the treatment of symptomatic knee osteoarthritis: A pilot study. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 1995:3:139-142

Lao, L., Bergman, S., Langenberg, P., Wong, R.L., Berman, B.M. Efficacy of Chinese acupuncture on postoperative oral surgery pain. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology 1995:79(4): 423-428

Lao, L., Wong, R.H., Berman, B., Wynn, R.L. Electroacupuncture reduces morphine-induced emesis in ferrets. J. Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 1995:1(3): 257-261

Lao, L. Acupuncture techniques and devices. J. Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 1996:2(1): 23-25

Lao, L. Safety issues in acupuncture. J. Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 1996:2(1): 27-31

Wong, R.H., Lao, L.#, Berman, B.M., Carter, A., Wynn, R.L. Biphasic emetic response of cyclophosphamide in the ferret. Pharmacology and Biochemistry Behavior. 1997: 58(1): 179-182

Tulder, M.W. van, Cherkin, D.C., Berman, B., Lao, L., Koes, B.W. The effectiveness of acupuncture in the treatment of low back pain. SPINE. 1999: 24(11): 1113-23

Tulder, M.W. van, Cherkin, D.C., Berman, B., Lao, L., Koes, B.W. The effectiveness of acupuncture in the treatment of low back pain. IN The Cochrane Collaboration Library, Issue 2, 1999. Oxford: Update Software

Lao, L., Bergman, S., Hamilton, G., Langenberg, P., Berman, B. Evaluation of acupuncture for pain control after oral surgery. Archives of Otolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery. 1999: 125(5): 567-572

Berman, B., Singh, B., Lao, L., Hochberg, M., Langenberg, P., Li, H., Hadhazy, V. A randomized trial of acupuncture as an adjunctive therapy in osteoarthritis of the knee. British Journal of Rheumatology 1999: 38:346-354

Lao, L., Zhang, G.,Wei, F., Berman, B. M., Ren, K. Effect of electroacupuncture on hyperalgesia and Fos protein expression in rats with persistent inflammation – a new animal model. Clinical Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine. 1999/2000: 1(2): 112-114

Ezzo, J., Berman, B., Hadhazy, V.A., Jadad, A.R., Lao, L., Singh, B.B. Is acupuncture effective for the treatment of chronic pain? A systematic review. Pain. 2000: 86 (3): 217-225

Ezzo, J, Hadhazy, V.A., Birch S., Lao, L., Kaplan G., Hochberg M., Berman, B. Acupuncture for osteoarthritis of the knee -- A systematic review. Arthritis & Rheumatism. 2001: 44(4): 819-825

Lao, L., Zhang, G., Wei, F., Berman, B. M., Ren, K. Electro-acupuncture attenuates behavioral hyperalgesia and selectively reduces spinal Fos protein expression in rats with persistent inflammation. Journal of Pain. 2001: 2(2): 111-117

Singh, B.B., Berman, B.M., Hadhazy, V., Bareta, J., Lao, L., Zarow, F.M., Hochberg, M. Clinical decisions in the use of acupuncture as an adjunctive therapy for osteoarthritis of the knee. Alternative Therapies. 2001:7(4): 58-65

Stuerzlinger, V., Wang, J., Lao, L. Is Chinese Herbal Medicine Safe?—A review of recent case reports. Akupunktur. 2001: 2: 90-95 (In Germany, English Abstract)

Sherman, K., Lao, L., MacPerson, H., Lewith, G., Hopwood, V., Kawakita K. Matching acupuncture clinical study designs to research questions. Clinical Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine 2002: 3:12-15

MacPerson, H., Sherman, K., Hammerschlag, R., Birch S., Lao, L., Zaslawski C. The clinical evaluation of traditional East Asian systems of medicine. Clinical Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine. 2002: 3:16-19

Lao, L., Sherman, K., Bovey, M. The role of acupuncture schools and individual practitioners in acupuncture research. Clinical Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine. 2002: 3:32-38

Zhang, G., Bausell, B., Lao, L., Handwerger, B., Berman, B. Assessing the consistency of TCM diagnosis. Alternative Therapies. 2003: 9(1): 66-71

Lao, L., Hamilton, G., Fu, J., Berman, B. Is acupuncture safe? A systematic review of case reports. Alternative Therapies. 2003: 9(1): 72-83

Lao, L., Zhang, G., Wong, R., Carter, A., Wynn, R. Berman, B. The effect of electroacupuncture as an adjunct on cyclosphosphamide-induced emesis in ferrets. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior. 2003: 74(3): 691-699

Meng, C.F., Wang, D., Ngeow, J., Lao, L., Peterson, M., Paget, S. Acupuncture for chronic low back pain in older patients: a randomized, controlled trial. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2003 Dec;42(12):1508-17

Wang, H., Wang, Q., Srivastava, R.K., Gong, S., Lao, L., Fondell, J.D., and Wang, J. Effects of total glycosides from baishouwu, on human breast and prostate cancer cell proliferation. Alternative Therapies. 2003: 9(5):62-66

Zhang, R-X, Lao, L., Qiao, J.T. and Ruda, M.A. Strain differences in pain sensitivity and expression of preprodynorphin mRNA in rats following peripheral inflammation. Neurosci. Lett., 2003: 353: 213-216

Lao, L., Ezzo, J. Designing acupuncture trials: one size does not fit all, Clinical Acupuncture & Oriental Medicine. 2003: 3(4): 218 – 221

Zhang, G., Bausell, B., Lao, L., Lee, WL, Handwerger, B., Berman, B. The variability of TCM pattern diagnosis and herbal prescription on rheumatoid arthritis patients. Alternative Therapies. 2004: 10(1): 58-63

Lao, L., Zhang, R-X, Zhang, G., Wang, X-Y., Berman, B. M., Ren, K. A parametric study of electroacupuncture on persistent hyperalgesia and Fos protein expression in rats. Brain Res. 2004:1020(1-2):18-29

Zhang, R-X,, Lao, L., Qiao, J.T. and Ruda, M.A. Effects of aging on hyperalgesia and spinal dynorphin expression in rats with peripheral inflammation. Brain Res. 2004: 999:135-141

Zhang, R-X., Lao, L., Qiao, J.T., Malsnee, K. and Ruda, M.A. Endogenous and exogenous glucocorticoid suppresses up-regulation of preprodynorphin mRNA and hyperalgesia in rats with peripheral inflammation. Neurosci. Lett., 2004; 359: 85-88

Zhang, R-X., Lao, L., Wang, X., Ren, K., Berman, B. M. Electroacupuncture Combined with Indomethacin Enhances Anti-Hyperalgesia in Inflammatory Rats. Pharmacology and Biochemistry Behavior. 2004:78:793-797

Zhang, R-X,, Lao, L., Wang, L., Liu, B., Wang, X., Ren, K., Berman, B. M. Involvement of Opioid Receptors in Electroacupuncture-Produced Antihyperalgesia in Rats with Peripheral Inflammation. Brain Res. 2004:1020(1-2):12-17

Sung, J.Y., Leung, W.K., Ching, J.Y.L., Lao, L., Zhang, G., Wu, J.C.Y., Liang, S.M., Xie, H., Ho, Y.P., Chan, L.S., Berman, B., Chan, F.K.L. Agreements among traditional Chinese medicine practitioners in the diagnosis and treatment of irritable bowel syndrome. Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 2004:20:1205-1210

Seem, G.W., Cassidy, C., Langevin, H., Lao, L., Seem, M. Getting to the points: a forum for master practitioners, researchers, and educators. Clinical Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine. 2004: 4:148-163

Berman, B., Lao, L., Langenberg, P., Lee, WL, Gilpin AMK, Hochberg, M. Effectiveness of Acupuncture as Adjunctive Therapy in Osteoarthritis of the Knee: A Randomized, Controlled Trial. Ann Intern Med. 2004;141:901-910

Furlan, A., Tulder, M., Cherkin, D., Tsukayama, H., Lao, L., Koes, B., Berman, B. Acupuncture and dry-needling for low back pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005 Jan 25;(1):CD001351

Bausell, R.B., Lao, L., Bergman, S., Lee, W.L., Berman, B. Is Acupuncture Analgesia an Expectancy Effect? Preliminary Evidence Based upon Participants' Perceived Assignments in Two Placebo Controlled Trials. Evaluation & The Health Professions 2005 (Mar);28(1):9-26

Zhang, R-X., Lao, L., Wang, X., Fan, A., Wang, L. Zhang, G., Ren, K., Berman, B. M. Electroacupuncture attenuates inflammation in a rat model. J Altern Complement Med. 2005 Feb;11(1):135-42

Furlan, A.D., Tulder, M., Cherkin, D., Tsukayama, H., Lao, L., Koes, B., Berman, B. Acupuncture and dry-needling for low back pain: an updated systematic review within the framework of the Cochrane Collaboration. Spine. 2005 Apr 15;30(8):944-63

Fan, A.Y., Lao, L., Zhang, R-X., Wang, L-B., Lee, D. Y-W., Ma, Z-Z., Zhang, W-Y., Berman B. Effects of an Acetone Extract of Boswellia carterii Birdw. (Burseraceae) Gum Resin on Rats with Persistent Inflammation. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 2005 Apr;11(2):323-31

Zhang, R.-X., Wang, L., Wang, X., Ren, K., Berman, B.M., Lao, L. Electroacupuncture combined with mk-801 prolongs anti-hyperalgesia in rats with peripheral inflammation. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior, 2005:81:146-151

Zhang, R.-X., Liu, B., Lao, L., Qiao, J.T., Ruda, M.A. Spinal preprodynorphin mRNA expression in neonatal rats following peripheral inflammation. Brain Res., 2005:1038:238-242

Liu, B., Zhang, R.-X., Wang, L., Ren, K., Qiao, J.T., Berman, B. M., Lao, L. Effects of pertussis toxin on electroacupuncture-produced anti-hyperalgesia in inflamed Rats. Brain Res., 2005:1044:87-92

Zhang, R.-X., Wang, L., Liu, B., Qiao, J.T., Ren, K., Berman, B.M., Lao, L. Mu opioid receptor-containing neurons mediate electroacupuncture-produced anti-hyperalgesia in rats with hind paw inflammation. Brain Res., 2005: 1048(1-2):235-40

Zhang, R.-X., Qiao, J.T., Wang, L., Liu, B., Ren, K., Berman, B.M., Lao, L. Electroacupuncture Suppresses Spinal Expression of Neurokinin-1 Receptors Induced by Persistent Inflammation in Rats. Neuroscience Letters 2005:384(3):339-43

Fan, A.Y., Lao, L., Zhang, R-X., Zhou, A.N., Wang, L-B., Moudgil, K.D., Lee, D. Y-W., Ma, Z-Z., Zhang, W-Y., Berman, B. Effects of an acetone extract of Boswellia carterii Birdw.(Burseraceae) gum resin in Lewis rate with adjuvant arthritis. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 2005: 101(1-3): 104-109

Zhang, G.G., Lee, W., Bausell, B., Lao, L., Handwerger, B., Berman, B. Variability in the traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) diagnoses and herbal prescriptions provided by three TCM practitioners for 40 patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 2005:11(3):415-421

Zhang GG, Yu C, Lee W, Lao L, Ren K, Berman BM. Involvement of peripheral opioid mechanisms in electroacupuncture analgesia. Explore (NY). 2005 Sep;1(5):365-71.

Ezzo, J.M., Vickers, A.J., Richardson, M.A., Allen, C., Dibble, S.L., Issell, B.F., Lao, L., Pearl, M., Ramirez, G., Roscoe, J.A., Shen, J., Shivnan, J.C., Streitberger, K., Treish, I., Zhang, G. Acupuncture-Point Stimulation for Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting. Journal of Clinical Oncology. 2005:23(28):7188-98.

Zhang, R.-X., Liu, B., Wang, L., Ren, K., Qiao, J.T., Berman, B.M., Lao, L., Spinal glial activation in a new rat model of bone cancer pain produced by prostate cancer cell inoculation of the tibia. Pain. 2005: 118(1-2): 125-136.

Zhao, B., Wang, X., Lin, Z., Liu, R., Lao, L. A Novel Sham Moxibustion Device: A Randomized, Placebo-controlled Trial. Complementary Therapies in Medicine. 2006:14:53-60.

Shen, X., Ding, G., Wei, J., Zhao, L., Zhou, Y., Deng, H., Lao, L. An Infrared Radiation Study of the Biophysical Characteristics of Traditional Moxibustion. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 2006:14(3):213-219

Lao, L., Fan, A.Y., Zhang, R-X., Zhou, A.N., Ma, Z-Z., Lee, D. Y-W., Ren, K., Berman B. Anti-hyperalgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of the modified Chinese herbal formula Huo Luo Xiao Ling Dan (HLXL) in Rats. American Journal of Chinese Medicine. 2006:34(5):833-844

Lim B, Manheimer E, Lao L, Ziea E, Wisniewski J, Liu J, Berman B Acupuncture for treatment of irritable bowel syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006 Oct 18;(4):CD005111.

Lao L .Acupuncture practice, past and present: is it safe and effective? J Soc Integr Oncol. 2006 Winter; 4(1):13-5.

Ezzo JM, Richardson MA, Vickers A, Allen C, Dibble SL, Issell BF, Lao L, Pearl M, Ramirez G, Roscoe J, Shen J, Shivnan JC, Streitberger K, Treish I, Zhang G. Acupuncture-point stimulation for chemotherapy-induced nausea or vomiting. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006 Apr 19;(2):CD002285

Langevin HM, Hammerschlag R, Lao L, Napadow V, Schnyer RN, Sherman KJ. Controversies in acupuncture research: selection of controls and outcome measures in acupuncture clinical trials. J Altern Complement Med. 2006 Dec;12(10):943-53.

Manheimer E, Lim B, Lao L, Berman B. Acupuncture for knee osteoarthritis - a randomised trial using a novel sham. Acupunct Med. 2006 Dec;24 Suppl:S7-14

Li A, Lao L, Wang Y, Zhang H, Ren K, Berman B, Zhang R-X, Interleukin-1ra inhibits Fos expression and hyperalgesia in rats. Neuroreport. 2007:18(5): 495-498

Ren TH, Wu J, Yew D, Ziea E, Lao L, Leung WK, Berman B, Hu PJ, Sung JJ. Effects of neonatal maternal separation on neurochemical and sensory response to colonic distension in a rat model of irritable bowel syndrome. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2007 Mar;292(3):G849-56.

Manheimer, E., Linde, K, Lao L, Bouter, LM, Berman, BM. Meta-analysis: Acupuncture for osteoarthritis of the knee. Ann Intern Med. 2007:146:868-877.

Li A, Zhang, R-X, Wang Y, Zhang, H., Ren, K., Berman, BM, Tan, M, Lao, L. Corticosterone mediates electroacupuncture-produced anti-edema in a rat model of inflammation. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2007: 7:27.

Zhang R-X, Li A, Liu B, Wang L, Ren K, Qiao J-T, Berman BM, Lao L. Electroacupuncture attenuates bone cancer pain and inhibits spinal interleukin-1β expression in a rat model. Anesthesia & Analgesia. 2007:105(5): 1482-8.

Li A, Wang Y, Xin J, Lao L, Ren K, Berman BM, Zhang RX. Electroacupuncture suppresses hyperalgesia and spinal Fos expression by activating the descending inhibitory system. Brain Res. 2007:1186:171-179.

Xu L, Lao L, Ge A, Yu S, Li J, Mansky PJ. Chinese herbal medicine for cancer pain. Integrative cancer therapies. 2007 Sep;6(3):208-34.

Xu, L., Wei, P., Sun, D., Lao, L. Quality of reporting in 41 randomized controlled clinical trials of Chinese medicine for cancer pain. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2007,15(35): 3764-3769.

Zhang, R.-X., Li A, Liu, B., Wang, L., Ren, K., Zhang, H., Berman, B.M., Lao, L. IL-1ra alleviates inflammatory hyperalgesia through preventing phosphorylation of NMDA receptor NR-1 subunit in rats. Pain, 2008, 135:232-239.

Zhang R.-X., Li A, Liu B, Wang L, Xin J, Ren K, Qiao J, Berman BM, Lao L. Electroacupuncture attenuates bone cancer-induced hyperalgesia and inhibits spinal preprodynorphin expression in a rat model. European Journal of Pain, 2008 12:870-878.

Shen X, Zhao L, Ding G, Tan M, Gao J, Wang L, Lao L. Effect of combined laser acupuncture on knee osteoarthritis: a pilot study. Lasers Med Sci. 2008 Jan 5 [Epub ahead of print].

Chan SK, Zhao M, Lao L, Fong H, Che CT Magnolol and Honokiol Account for the Anti-Spasmodic Effect of Magnolia officinalis in Isolated Guinea Pig Ileum. Planta Medica. 2008; 74: 381–384.

Li A, Lao L, Wang Y, Xin J, Ren K, Berman BM, Tan, M, Zhang RX. Electroacupuncture activates corticotrophin-releasing hormone-containing neurons in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalammus to alleviate edema in a rat model of inflammation. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2008: 8:20.

Zhang, G.G., Singh, B., Lee, W., Handwerger, B., Lao, L., Berman, B. Improvement of agreement in TCM diagnosis among TCM practitioners for persons with the conventional diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis: effect of training. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 2008:14(4):381-386.

Shen, X., Ding, G., Deng, H., Wei, J., Zhao, L., Zhou, Y., Lao, L. Infrared radiation spectrum of acupuncture point on patients with coronary heart disease. The American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 2008;36(2):211-8.

Shen, X., Zhao, L., Ding, G., Gao, J., Ying, J., Cheng, K., Lao, L. Can a carbon dioxide laser substitute for moxibustion? Lasers Med Sci. 2008 Jul 4 [Epub ahead of print].

Zhang, R.-X., Liu, B., Li A, Wang, L., Ren, K., Qiao J, Berman, B.M., Lao, L. Interleukin 1beta facilitates bone cancer pain in rats by enhancing NMDA receptor NR-1 subunit phosphorylation. Neuroscience. 2008 134:1533-8.

Zhang RX, Fan, AY, Zhou, A.N, Moudgil, KD Ma, ZZ, Lee, DY, Fong, HH. Berman, BM, Lao, L Extract of the Chinese herbal formula Huo Luo Xiao Ling Dan inhibited adjuvant arthritis in rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2009;121:366–371 doi:10.1016/j.jep.2008.11.018.  

Rajaiah, R, Lee, DY, Ma, ZZ, Fan, AY, Lao, L, Fong, HH, Berman, MB, Moudgil, KD Huo-Luo-Xiao-Ling Dan modulates antigen-directed immune response in adjuvant-induced inflammation. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2009 (In Press)