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Prasanna  Nair

Prasanna Nair M.B.B.S., M.P.H.

Academic Title: Professor Emeritus
Primary Appointment: Pediatrics
Location: 737 W. Lombard Street, 116
Phone: (410) 328-2533
Fax: (410) 706-0653

Personal History:

* Completed medical education (MBBS) and one year postgraduate training at Lady Hardinge Medical College, Delhi University
* Fellow, American Academy of Pediatrics (FAAP)
* Masters of Public Health (MPH) at Johns Hopkins School of Public Health
* Director of the UMMC Community Pediatric Center from 1975-1985
* Director of SPICE clinic (for HIV exposed Infants) from 1986 to the present
* UMMC Pediatric Clerkship Director from 1986-2001

Research Interests:

* Natural History of HIV Infection in Children
* Vertical Transmission of HIV and clinical care of Infants of HIV positive mothers
* Long term outcome of children with fetal drug exposure and early intervention in infants with fetal drug exposure

Clinical Speciality:

Ambulatory Pediatrics, and care of the HIV-exposed infant

Grants & Contracts:

Children & Youth Project, 606A (Title V) Community Pediatric Center: 1975 - 1985

National Center on Child Abuse & Neglect (NCCAN)(HSS) Prevention of Abuse and Neglect in Infants of Chemically Dependent Mothers, 1987 - 1993

National Institutes of Drug Abuse: (RO1 DA-07432) (PI) Enrichment Program for Drug Abusing Women and Their Infants, 1991 - 2003

Co- Investigator: National Institutes of Drug Abuse: (RO1 DA-021059)  Adolescent Brain and Behavioral Development, 2005- 2011

Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study Initiative (PHACS) SMART (Surveillance & Monitoring of Anti-Retroviral Toxicity), 2006- 2010


Kenny, T.J., Clemmens, R.L., Cicci, R., Lentz, G.A., Nair, P., Hudson, B.W.: (1971) "The Medical Evaluation of Children with Reading Problems (Dyslexia)" Pediatrics, 49: 438-442.

Grossman, L., Wald, E.R., Nair, P., Papiez, J.: (1979) "Roentgenographic Follow-up of Acute Pneumonia in Children" Pediatrics 63: 30-31.

Johnson, J., Nair, P., Alexander, S.: (1987) "Early Diagnosis of HIV Infection in the Neonate" New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 316, No. 5, pg. 273-274.

Johnson, J.P., Nair, P., Hines, S.E., Seiden, S.W., Alger, L., Revie, D.R. O'Neill, K.M., Hebel, R.: (1989) "Natural History and Serological Diagnosis of Infants Born to Human Immunodeficiency Virus-infected Women" AJDC. 143:1147-1153.

Nair, P., Kight, C., Black, M., Roby, P., Hebel, R., Johnson, J.: (1990) "Risk Factors for Neglect and Foster Care Placement in Infants of Substance Abusing Women" AJDC, 144:430.

Nair, P.: (1992) "Early Identification of HIV Infection in Children" Pediatric AIDS and HIV Infection: Fetus to Adolescent. 3(1):40-44.

Nair, P., Alger, L., Hines, S., Seiden, S., Hebel, R., Johnson, J.P.: (1993) "Maternal and Neonatal Characteristics Associated with HIV Infection in Infants of Seropositive Women" J AIDS, 6:298-302.

Nair, P., Rothblum, S., Hebel, R.: (1994) "Neonatal Outcome in Infants with Evidence of Fetal Exposure to Opiates, Cocaine and Cannabinoids" Clinical Pediatrics, 33:5;280-285.

Black, M.M., Nair, P., Kight, C., Wachtel, R., Roby, P., Schuler, M.: (1994) "Parenting and Early Development Among Children of Drug-Abusing Women: Effects of Home Intervention" Pediatrics. Vol. 94(4):440-448.

Kotloff, K.L., Johnson, J.P., Nair, P., Hickman, D., Lippincott, P., Wilson, P.D., Clemens, J.D.: (1994) "Diarrheal Morbidity During the First 2 Years of Life Among HIV-Infected Infants" JAMA, 217;6:448-452.

Nair, P., Black ,M., Schuler, M., Keane, V., Snow, L., Rigney, B.A., Magder, L.: (1997) "Risk Factors for Disruption in Primary Care Giving Among Infants of Substance Abusing Women" Child Abuse and Neglect. 21:11;1039-1051.

Schuler, M., Nair, P., Black, M., and Kettinger, L.: (2000) "Mother-infant interaction: Effects of a home intervention, and ongoing maternal drug use" J Clinical Child Psychology,29 (3):424-431.

Kettinger, L., Nair, P., Schuler, M. (2000). "Exposure to environmental risk factors and parenting attitudes among substance abusing women" American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 26, 1-11.

Schuler, M.E., Nair, P. (2001). "Witnessing violence among inner-city children of substance-abusing and non-substance-abusing women" Arch Ped Adolesc Med: 155:342-346.

Schuler, M.E, Nair, P, Kettinger, LA. (2002). "Ongoing maternal drug use, parenting attitudes, and a home intervention: effects on mother-child interaction at 18 months" J Dev Behav Pediatrics 23(4) 87-94.

Schuler, M.E, Nair, P, Kettinger. "Drug-Exposed Infants and Developmental Outcome: Effects of a Home Intervention and Ongoing Maternal drug Use" Arch Ped Adolesc Med. 2003;157:133-138.

Schuler, ME, Nair P, Harrington D.: (2003) "Developmental outcome of drug-exposed children through 30 months: a comparison of Bayley and Bayley-II" Psychol Assess.15(3):435-8.

Nair P, Schuler, M.E, Black MM, Kettinger, LA., Harrington, D.: (2003) "Cumulative Environmental Risk in Substance Abusing Women: Early Intervention, Parenting Stress, Child Abuse, and Child Development" Child Abuse & Neglect. 27:997-1017.

Nair P., Black MM, Ackerman J, Schuler ME, Keane V.: (2008) "Children's Cognitive-Behavioral Functioning at 6 and 7 Years: Prenatal Drug Exposure and Care Giving Environment" Ambulatory Pediatrics. 8(3):154-162.

Ackerman, JP, Llorente, AM, Black, MM, Ackerman, CS, Mayes, LA, Nair, P. (2008). "The Effect of Prenatal Drug Exposure and Caregiving Context on Children's Performance on a Task of Sustained Visual Attention" J Dev Behav Pediatrics 29:467-474.